Development & Validation of Urdu Receptive Language Scale (URLS)

Keywords: Receptive language, Reliability, Tool, Urdu, Validity

Abstract

Objectives: To develop “Urdu Receptive Language Scale (URLS)” for Urdu speaking Pakistani children of age 0-6 years.

Methods: This exploratory study was done at mainstream schools and day care centers on children with normal language development between the ages of 0-6 years from 1st March 2016 to 31st August 2016, by using convenient sampling technique. Firstly, the items for the questionnaire were constructed from four sources: literature review, experts, parents and direct observation of 384 Children of same age. Secondly the constructed test items were sent to the field experts (SLP’s) for the purpose of improvement. Thirdly, after incorporation of suggestions, the improved items were securitized by Urdu experts and finalized. In the next step, these items were tested for Relevance, Ambiguity, Clarity and Simplicity from field experts. The developed scale was then analyzed for reliability and validity by SPSS Version-18.

Results: Study resulted in a 59 items Urdu Receptive Language Scale with each age range having different test items distribution. The mean of the relevance, clarity, simplicity, and ambiguity of test items was 3.89. The Item content validity index value was one for each of the 59 items. The content validity index for the entire scale was also one. The Cronbach’s alpha was 0.948, which indicates a high level of internal consistency.

Conclusion: The developed 59 Item Urdu Receptive Language Scale is reliable and valid tool for language assessment of Urdu speaking Pakistani children of 0-6 years age.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.37.7.3928

How to cite this:
Butt GA, Mumtaz N, Saqulain G. Development & Validation of Urdu Receptive Language Scale (URLS). Pak J Med Sci. 2021;37(7):1924-1929. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.37.7.3928

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Author Biographies

Ghazal Awais Butt, Ms., Riphah International University, Lahore, Pakistan

Ms. Ghazal Awais Butt, M.S (Speech Language Pathology), PhD Scholar

Speech Language Pathologist,

Department of Speech Language Pathology,

            Riphah International University, Lahore, Pakistan

Nazia Mumtaz, Dr., Riphah International University, Lahore, Pakistan

Dr. Nazia Mumtaz, PhD (Rehabilitation Sciences)

Head of Department,

            Department of Speech Language Pathology,

            Faculty of Rehab and Allied Health Sciences,

            Riphah International University, Lahore, Pakistan

Ghulam Saqulain, Dr., Capital Hospital PGMI, CDA Islamabad

Dr. Ghulam Saqulain, F.C.P.S (Otorhinolaryngology) 

Head of Department

            Department of Otorhinolaryngology

            Capital Hospital PGMI, Islamabad, Pakistan

Published
2021-10-06
How to Cite
Butt, G., Mumtaz, N., & Saqulain, G. (2021). Development & Validation of Urdu Receptive Language Scale (URLS). Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 37(7). https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.37.7.3928
Section
Original Articles

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