Stress and coping strategies for parenting children with hearing impairment and autism
Stress and coping strategies
Objectives: To determine the level of stress experienced and coping strategies used by parents of hearing impaired and autistic children.
Methods: Using non-probability convenience sampling this cross sectional study recruited n =200 parents of hearing impaired (HI) and 100 parents of autistic children, of either gender, aged 20 to 60 years. Samples were recruited from Special Education Institutes of Islamabad and Rawalpindi, over a period of six months, from October 2018 to March 2019 and conducted at Isra Institute of Rehabilitation Sciences, Islamabad. Basic demographical sheet, Parental Stress Scale and Coping Strategies Inventory were used for data collection. Statistical analysis was done using SPSS 21.
Results: In parents of hearing impaired the mean parental stress score was 47.44±12.85 and commonest coping strategy was problem focused engagement (26.03) followed by problem focused dis-engagement (24.25). In the autistic group the mean parental stress score was 48.92+11.22 with problem focused engagement being the most frequently used strategy (27.4) followed by emotion focused strategy.
Conclusion: Different level of stress experienced by parents of autistic and hearing impaired children which is statistically significant and they employed different coping strategies.
How to cite this:
Ishtiaq N, Mumtaz N, Saqulain G. Stress and coping strategies for parenting children with hearing impairment and autism. Pak J Med Sci. 2020;36(3):538-543. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.3.1766
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