A Hospital based study on sudden sensorineural Hearing Loss: It’s audiological characteristics and prevalence

Keywords: Hearing loss, Sensorineural hearing, Sudden sensorineural hearing loss


Objectives: To analyze the prevalence & characteristics of sudden sensorineural hearing loss.

Methods: This cross sectional study including n=377 cases of sensorineural hearing impairment, using non-probability convenience sampling, who fulfilled the selection criteria was conducted from 1st July 2019 to 31st October 2019. Study was conducted at Audiology section of ENT department, Lahore General Hospital, Pakistan. Sample included both genders, aged 17-70 years. Cases suffering from inflammatory or obstructive conditions of the external or middle ear and those who could not undergo pure tone audiometry were excluded from the study. Following consent for inclusion in study, data was collected using basic demographic and medical history sheet followed by Audiometric evaluation. Statistical Software for Social Sciences Version 20.0 was used for data analysis.

Results: The prevalence rate of sudden sensorineural hearing loss of 14(3.7%) being significantly more common in males 11(78%) than females 3(22%) (p=0.05) & age group 15-35 years (p=0.001). It is commonly of severe or profound degree with downward sloping audiogram (p<0.05), however it is not associated with vertigo (p=0.32), tinnitus (p=0.08) with no side predilection (p = 0.27).

Conclusion: We conclude that the prevalence of SSNHL is 3.7% being significantly more prevalent in males and those aged15-25 years. It is mostly characterized by severe to profound degree of hearing loss with downward sloping audiogram with no associated vertigo, tinnitus and side predilection.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.37.4.3851

How to cite this:
Naz E, Saqulain G, Mumtaz N, Babur MN. A Hospital based study on sudden sensorineural Hearing Loss: It’s audiological characteristics and prevalence. Pak J Med Sci. 2021;37(4):1133-1138. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.37.4.3851

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Author Biographies

Erum Naz, Ms., Lahore General Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan

Ms. Erum Naz, MPhil (Hearing Sciences)


Audiology Unit

Lahore General Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan

Ghulam Saqulain, Dr., Capital Hospital PGMI, CDA Islamabad

Dr. Ghulam Saqulain, D.L.O., F.C.P.S (Otorhinolaryngology)

Head of Department of Otorhinolaryngology,

Postal address: Capital Hospital, G 6/2, Near Melody, Islamabad

E-mail: ghulam_saqulain@yahoo.com

Mobile: 03335101134

Nazia Mumtaz, Dr., Riphah International University, Lahore, Pakistan

Dr. Nazia Mumtaz, PhD (Rehabilitation Sciences)

Head of Department of Speech Language Pathology,

Faculty of Rehab & Allied Health Sciences,

Riphah International University, Islamabad.

Muhammad Naveed Babur, Dr., Isra University, Islamabad

Muhammad Naveed Babur, PhD (Rehabilitation Sciences)

Professor and Dean

            Faculty of Allied Medical Sciences,

            Isra University, Islamabad, Pakistan

How to Cite
Naz, E., Saqulain, G., Mumtaz, N., & Babur, M. N. (2021). A Hospital based study on sudden sensorineural Hearing Loss: It’s audiological characteristics and prevalence. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 37(4). https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.37.4.3851
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