Radiographic patterns on Chest X-ray as a supporting imaging tool in triaging of suspected Corona Virus Disease (COVID) patients
Objective: To evaluate the radiographic patterns on Chest X-Ray (CXR) in accordance with Modified Brixia Scoring as supporting imaging tool in triaging of Corona Virus Disease (COVID-19) pneumonia.
Methods: In this cross-sectional study, chest radiographs of suspected COVID patients at emergency triage, Lady Reading Hospital (LRH) from April 18th to July 22nd 2020 were evaluated for patterns of COVID pneumonia and scored in accordance with modified Brixia score. Each zone was categorized as score of “one” for interstitial pattern, “two” for mixed interstitial /alveolar pattern and “three” for alveolar pattern. Radiographic patterns consistent with COVID pneumonia or patients having strong clinical suspicion were advised Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) tests.
Results: Total of 2,225 individuals were screened for patterns of COVID-19 pneumonia on chest radiograph. Out of these 1465(65.8%) had normal chest radiograph and 760(34.2%) had abnormal findings. Out of the total, 648 suspected COVID patients were selected for PCR. The radiographic patterns ranged from mixed interstitial/alveolar pattern in 261(40.3%) patients, alveolar pattern in 231(35.6%), interstitial pattern in 87(13.4%), pleural effusion in 12(1.9%), other findings in 5(0.8%) while 52(8%) suspected Covid patients had normal radiographs. The PCR was positive in 326(50.3%), negative in 100(15.4%) and inconclusive in 60(9.3%) while 162(25%) were lost to follow up. Amongst the 52 suspected Covid patients having normal chest radiographs, 10 were positive on PCR, 21 negative, seven suspected and two inconclusive, while 12 were lost to follow up.
Conclusion: Chest radiograph is used for triaging of suspected COVID pneumonia patients in emergency settings. It assesses the severity of disease according to modified Brixia scoring for treatment plan.
How to cite this:
Nishtar T, Nadeem Ullah, Ahmad FS, Rahim S. Radiographic patterns on Chest X-ray as a supporting imaging tool in triaging of suspected Corona Virus Disease (COVID) patients. Pak J Med Sci. 2022;38(6):1639-1643. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.38.6.5279
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