Diagnostic accuracy of computer aided reading of chest x-ray in screening for pulmonary tuberculosis in comparison with Gene-Xpert

Keywords: Pulmonary tuberculosis, Computer-aided detection tuberculosis software, GeneXpert, Chest X-ray, Screening

Abstract

Background & Objectives: Pakistan ranked fifth amongst 22 high-burden Tuberculosis countries, and it is  an epidemic in Pakistan, hence screening is performed nationally, as part of the ambitious ZERO TB drive. Our objective was to assess the diagnostic accuracy of Computer Aided Detection (CAD4TB) software on chest Xray in screening for pulmonary tuberculosis in comparison with gene-Xpert.

Methods: The study was conducted by Radiology Department Lady Reading Hospital Peshawar in affiliation with Indus Hospital network over a period of one year. Screening was done by using mobile Xray unit equipped with CAD4TB software with scoring system. All of those having score of more than 70 and few selected cases with strong clinical suspicion but score of less than 70 were referred to dedicated TB clinic for Gene-Xpert analysis.

Results: Among 26,997 individuals screened, 2617 (9.7%) individuals were found presumptive for pulmonary TB. Sputum samples for Gene-Xpert were obtained in 2100 (80.24%) individuals, out of which 1825 (86.9%) were presumptive for pulmonary TB on CAD4TB only. Gene-Xpert was positive in 159 (8.7%) patients and negative in 1,666(91.3%). Sensitivity and specificity of CAD4TB and symptomatology with threshold score of ≥70 was 83.2% and 12.7% respectively keeping Gene-Xpert as gold standard.

Conclusion: Combination of chest X-ray analysis by CAD4TB and symptomatology is of immense value to screen a large population at risk in a developing high burden country. It is significantly a more effective tool for screening and early diagnosis of TB in individuals, who would otherwise go undiagnosed.

Abbreviations: TB = Tuberculosis, WHO = World Health Organization, CAD4TB = Computer aided detection for tuberculosis, CXR = Chest X-Ray, CAR = Computer aided reading.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.38.1.4531

How to cite this:
Nishtar T, Burki S, Ahmad FS, Ahmad T. Diagnostic accuracy of computer aided reading of chest x-ray in screening for pulmonary tuberculosis in comparison with Gene-Xpert. Pak J Med Sci. 2022;38(1):62-68.   doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.38.1.4531

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Author Biographies

Tahira Nishtar, Dr, RSP

Associate Professor Radiology,

Chairperson Radiology Department MTI-LRH Peshawar

Fatima Sultan Ahmad, Dr

Department of Radiology, MTI-Lady Reading Hospital, Peshawar.

Tabish Ahmad, Dr, RSP

Department of Radiology, MTI-Lady Reading Hospital, Peshawar.

Published
2021-11-20
How to Cite
Nishtar, T., Burki, S., Ahmad, F., & Ahmad, T. (2021). Diagnostic accuracy of computer aided reading of chest x-ray in screening for pulmonary tuberculosis in comparison with Gene-Xpert. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 38(1). https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.38.1.4531
Section
Original Articles