A comparative analysis of postoperative visual outcomes following cataract surgery with different brands of Monofocal Intraocular Lenses
Objective: To compare visual outcomes after cataract surgery using three intraocular lenses (IOL) of different prices but similar properties.
Methods: A comparative study with retrospective data of patients operated for phacoemulsification with monofocal IOL implants was carried out at Al-Ibrahim Eye Hospital (AIEH) from April 2021 to Feb 2022. Patients with diabetes, any preoperative ocular morbidity and unclear diagnosis were excluded from the study. Pre and post-operative best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) on 1st day, 7th day and 4-6 weeks were analyzed. IOLs were categorized on the basis of price into economical, standard and premium lenses. To minimize surgical bias, data was further stratified on the basis of surgical expertise.
Results: Data of 3237 patients was analyzed. Economical lens (A) was implanted in 2647, standard (B) in 254 and premium (C) in 336 patients. On average BCVA (6/6 to 6/12) was achieved in 88.2% of patients. No significant difference was found at third follow up among BCVA of three IOls operated by senior surgeon, χ2(2) = 3.216, p = 0.20, with median (IQR) is 0.2(0.2) logMAR for Group-A, 0.1(0.2) logMAR for Group-B and 0.2(0.1) logMAR for Group-C. When results of the rest of the surgeons was considered, significant difference was found among BCVA at 3rd followup, χ2(2) = 6.661, p = 0.036, with median (IQR) is 0.3(0.2) logMAR for Group-A, 0.2(0.1) logMAR for Group-B and 0.2(0.3) logMAR for Group-C.
Conclusion: When surgical factors mainly, surgeon bias is removed, all three types of monofocal IOL had similar visual outcomes.
How to cite this: Memon MS, Mahmood T, Qidwai U, Ahsan S, Arslan M, Fahim MF. A comparative analysis of postoperative visual outcomes following cataract surgery with different brands of Monofocal Intraocular Lenses. Pak J Med Sci. 2024;40(1):195-199. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.40.1.8157
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