The Effect of perioperative forced air warming blanket on older adult patients undergoing spinal surgery with general anesthesia
Objective: As the population of patients aged 65 years and older increases, the number of older adult patients undergoing surgery also increases. Older adults are vulnerable to hypothermia due to age-related changes in the thermoregulatory center, which leads to reduced subcutaneous fat tissue, vasomotor response, and heat production. Thus, they are more likely to suffer complications, including cardiovascular changes, blood coagulation disorders, infections, and delayed recovery from surgery. The study investigated the effect of preventive active warming.
Methods: This retrospective cohort study conducted at Chungbuk National University Hospital investigated clinical data from older adult patients undergoing spinal surgery from January 1, 2020, to December 13, 2022. In this study, we explored the use of prophylactic active warming during anesthesia induction and post-surgery warming in older adult patients (≥65 years) who experienced hypothermia during and after surgery under general anesthesia.
Results: The control group of patients who experienced hypothermia increased from 20% after 10 minutes to 80% after 30 minutes and 100% after 60 minutes. The percentage of patients in the treatment group who initially experienced hypothermia increased from 10% after 30 min to 40% after 60 minutes. However, notably, 90% of these patients had returned to a normal body temperature upon their arrival at the recovery room. The difference in the percentage of patients who developed hypothermia was statistically significant between the two groups.
Conclusions: Hypothermia prevention via an air-forced warming blanket was effective for older adult patients undergoing spinal surgery under general anesthesia.
How to cite this: Shin Y, Lee J, Seo H, Park S. Effect of perioperative forced air warming blanket on older adult patients undergoing spinal surgery with general anesthesia. Pak J Med Sci. 2024;40(4):706-710. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.40.4.7886
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