An initial experience of using dual energy contrast enhanced mammography at a tertiary care hospital in Pakistan
Objective: Contrast enhanced mammography (CEM), a relatively new and promising modality, combines mammography (MMG) with an iodinated contrast material to illuminate neovascularity within the breast; analogous to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). CEM improves the overall sensitivity of MMG; reduces the need for unnecessary biopsies and follow-up imaging and can be considered a reasonable substitute for MRI. In Pakistan, CEM was recently introduced and to assess its usability a study was conducted on five patients before making it available as a regular investigation.
Case presentations: Four out of the five patients had a clinical suspicion of malignancy with two patients having heterogeneously dense breasts and two with dense breasts. All enhancing lesions were concordant on biopsy and had similar corresponding findings on additional imaging such as ultrasound (US) and/or MRI. CEM in all four cases of biopsy proven malignancy facilitated surgical planning. The fifth patient underwent CEM for screening and was found to have no enhancing lesion.
Conclusion: In low-middle-income countries (LMICs) where breast MRI is not readily available and expensive for the populace, CEM can be a reliable alternative. The initial experience with CEM at our hospital shows better visualization of malignant lesions in dense and heterogeneously dense breasts with an easy-to-perform technique and a shorter imaging time while facilitating surgical decision-making in terms of breast conservation.
How to cite this: Zeeshan S, Shafqat G, Ali D, Vohra L. An initial experience of using dual energy contrast enhanced mammography at a tertiary care hospital in Pakistan. Pak J Med Sci. 2023;39(6):1869-1874. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.39.6.7607
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