Reconstruction of soft tissue defects of hand: A systematic approach

Keywords: Hand injuries, reconstruction, soft tissue injuries, algorithms, Hand, Hand injuries, Acquired hand deformities, Soft tissue injuries, Plastic surgery procedures, Hand reconstruction


Background and Objective: A thorough insight into the management of hand injuries can shape the approach of a surgeon in order to achieve optimal outcomes for the patients. The aim of this study was to share our experience in reconstruction of the hand and establishing an algorithm for classification and treatment of hand injuries.

Methods: This is a descriptive cross sectional study and was conducted from January 2020 to August 2022 at Burns and Plastic Surgery center, Peshawar. Data was collected from medical records about the patient demographics, mechanism of injury and type of procedures done. Defect size was classified into small (<5cm), medium (5cm to 10 cm) and large (>10cm). The defect site and size was cross tabulated against the method of soft tissue reconstruction in order to make the algorithm for reconstruction of hand injuries. Data was analyzed using SPSS.

Results: The study population included 41 (75.9%) male and 13 (24.1%) female patients, mean age 31.56±14.1. Machine injuries (33.3%) and electric burns (24.1%) were the most common cause of hand soft tissue defects. The most commonly performed flap was Posterior introsseous artery (PIA) flap, followed by First dorsal metacarpal artery (FDMA) flap. Flap necrosis was observed in three cases (5.6%).

Conclusion: This treatment algorithm for coverage of soft tissue defects in hand injuries will help with the decision making process of hand reconstruction and has didactic value for novice surgeons. It will also form the foundation for further work on this aspect of hand injuries.


How to cite this: Khan M, Hayat W, Hidayat Ullah, Khan NH. Reconstruction of soft tissue defects of hand: A systematic approach. Pak J Med Sci. 2024;40(1):36-40. doi:

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

How to Cite
Khan, M., Hayat, W., ullah, H., & Hayat Khan, N. (2023). Reconstruction of soft tissue defects of hand: A systematic approach. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 40(1).