Comparison of outcomes of percutaneous coronary intervention for chronic total occlusion in patients with and without prior bypass grafting: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Objective: This review assessed evidence on the impact of prior coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) on outcomes of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for chronic total occlusions (CTO).
Methods: PubMed, CENTRAL, Embase, ScienceDirect, and Google Scholar databases were searched from 1st January 1980 up to 10th January 2022 for studies assessing outcomes of CTO-PCI in patients with and without prior-CABG.
Results: Eight studies were included. The meta-analysis demonstrated significantly reduced odds of procedural success in patients with prior history of CABG (OR: 0.51 95% CI: 0.41, 0.64 I2=84% p<0.00001). There was a tendency of increased in-hospital mortality (OR: 1.72 95% CI: 0.97, 3.04 I2=26% p=0.06) and major adverse cardiac events (MACE) (OR: 1.30 95% CI: 0.99, 1.69 I2=0% p=0.05), along with a significantly increased risk of myocardial infarction (MI) (OR: 2.56 95% CI: 1.65, 3.97 I2=0% p<0.0001) and coronary perforation (OR: 1.52 95% CI: 1.03, 2.24 I2=70% p=0.04) in patients with history of CABG. There was no difference in the risk of stroke, pericardial tamponade, major bleeding, vascular access complications, and renal failure.
Conclusion: Our results suggest that patients with prior history of CABG undergoing PCI for CTO have a 49% reduced chance of procedural success. Such patients are at an increased risk of in-hospital mortality, MACE, MI, and coronary perforation.
How to cite this: Wang D, Chen K, Xiong T, He L, Ni W, Wang H. Comparison of outcomes of percutaneous coronary intervention for chronic total occlusion in patients with and without prior bypass grafting: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Pak J Med Sci. 2023;39(4):---------. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.39.4.7483
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