Un-resolving frozen shoulder: Are we really treating it?

  • Abrar Ahmed Wagan central park medical college lahore
  • Paras Surahyo
Keywords: Shoulder Pain, Subacromion impingement syndrome, Adhesive capsulitis, Ultrasound


Objective: To perform ultrasound examination in un-resolving frozen shoulder disorder, in Pakistani cohort visiting rheumatology clinic.

Methods: This cross sectional study was carried out at Department of Rheumatology, Indus Medical College Tando Mohhamad Khan, from 16th March 2022 to 30th October 2022. Patients diagnosed as unilateral frozen shoulder on clinical grounds and received intra-articular injection (s) in last six months, never been investigated, still persisting with pain and restricted range of shoulder motion were enrolled. After the demographic details and shoulder examination, ultrasound examination of both shoulder joints was performed by senior musculoskeletal radiologist, to know the exact diagnosis.

Results: In 138 cases on ultrasound examination following injuries were noted: rotator cuff tendinopathy (RCT) (61%), adhesive capsulitis (21%), mixed lesion (rotator cuff tendinopathy and adhesive capsulitis) (14%). In age group < 50 years rotator cuff tendinopathy was the major lesion, while in cases >50 years age group: adhesive capsulitis (AC) was predominant lesion (p-0.05).Rotator cuff tendinopathy had significant association with supraspinatus tears (p<0.5).

Conclusion: In Un-resolving frozen shoulder pain, ultrasound examination of involved joint helps in reaching the exact cause which may differ from the existing diagnosis and guides to further management.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.40.1.7440

How to cite this: Wagan AA, Surahyo P. Un-resolving frozen shoulder: Are we really treating it? Pak J Med Sci. 2024;40(1):165-169.  doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.40.1.7440

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

How to Cite
Wagan, A. A., & Surahyo, P. (2023). Un-resolving frozen shoulder: Are we really treating it?. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 40(1). https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.40.1.7440