Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of esophageal carcinoma: An experience from tertiary care hospital of Karachi, Pakistan
Objectives: To describe current trends and characteristics of esophageal cancer (EC) over the past ten years largest tertiary care hospital of Karachi, Pakistan.
Methods: This single center retrospective study was conducted at the Department of Gastroenterology and Oncology, Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Center, Karachi, Pakistan, between the period of ten years from 1st January 2010 to 31st December 2019. Patient data including epidemiological characteristics such as age, gender, education, residence, occupation, addictions, comorbidities, symptoms, location of EC, laboratory parameters and histopathological type were recorded. All patients with missing histological and radiological findings were excluded.
Results: The mean age of all patients was 49.26±14.24 years and among them majority were females 566 (56.1%). Almost, 834 (82.7%) patients had SQC and 175 (17.3%) presented with ADS. Most common presenting symptom was dysphagia in both groups 327 (32.4%) followed by vomiting (22.8%) and weight loss 196 (19.4%). The Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) findings showed the distal esophagus involvement in most of the patients (36.3%) in both groups. CT scan findings showed that the lower region was the most involved region in 367 (36.4%) patients, followed by middle and upper in 227 (22.5%) and 156 (15.5%) patients respectively. The thickening of mass on CT- scan was circumferential in most of the patients (42.7%) in both groups.
Conclusion: According to our findings, SQC is more prevalent than ADC. Female predominance especially at younger age was most common as compared to past studies. No significant association between a single risk factor has been found in our study however smoking and betel nut chewing were found as known putative risk factors.
How to cite this: Butt N, Soomro SA, Haider G, Zehra A. Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of esophageal carcinoma: An experience from tertiary care hospital of Karachi, Pakistan. Pak J Med Sci. 2024;40(1):55-59. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.40.1.7419
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