Quantitative evaluation of acute myocardial infarction by feature-tracking cardiac magnetic resonance imaging
Objective: To assess the value of feature-tracking cardiac magnetic resonance (FT-CMR) imaging in the quantitative evaluation of acute myocardial infarction (AMI).
Methods: We retrospectively analyzed medical records of patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) diagnosed in the Department of Cardiology of Hubei No.3 People’s Hospital of Jianghan University from April 2020 to April 2022, who underwent feature-tracking cardiac magnetic resonance (FT-CMR) examination. Based on the electrocardiogram (ECG) findings, patients were divided into ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) (n=52) and non-STEMI (NSTEMI) (n=48) groups. We compared myocardial strain parameters between the two groups and applied the Pearson’s test to reveal any correlations between the left ventricular myocardial strain parameters and the number of late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) positive segments; we assessed the clinical value of FT-CMR for predicting STEMI using a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve.
Results: The number of LGE-positive segments in the STEMI group was significantly higher than that in the NSTEMI group. The myocardial radial, circumferential and longitudinal strains in the STEMI group were significantly lower than those in the NSTEMI group (p<0.05). The number of LGE-positive segments in patients with AMI negatively correlated with the radial, circumferential and longitudinal strains. The results of the ROC curve analysis showed that radial, circumferential and longitudinal strain values have a diagnostic value for STEMI (p<0.05).
Conclusion: FT-CMR, a non-invasive and rapid method for analyzing myocardial strains, has a high diagnostic value for AMI and should be helpful for the prevention and intervention of ventricular remodeling after myocardial infarctions.
How to cite this: Ye J, Zong W, Wu X, Shao X, Wu Y. Quantitative evaluation of acute myocardial infarction by feature-tracking cardiac magnetic resonance imaging. Pak J Med Sci. 2023;39(3):804-808. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.39.3.7248
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