Obsession to fairness and topical steroid induced acne: A situation analysis of patients presenting in dermatology clinic at a private hospital in Karachi
Objective: To determine the frequency of acne and other relevant side effects as well as the pattern of topical steroid and fairness cream use among patients presenting with steroid and fairness cream use at dermatology OPD in a tertiary care private hospital in Karachi.
Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted from April, 2020 to December, 2020 in a private tertiary care hospital in Karachi. In total, 226 patients with a positive history of topical steroids and/or fairness creams use in the past six months were included in the study. Information was collected about sociodemographic characteristics; topical corticosteroid uses while clinical examination of facial skin was performed by a dermatologist. Data were analyzed using SPSS version-19.
Results: The median age of study participants was 26 years with an interquartile range of 10 years. This frequency of corticosteroid induced acne was highest i.e., 83.6% (n=189) followed facial erythema and telangiectasia i.e., 50.9% (n=115) 47.8% (n=108) respectively. The estimated median duration of using topical steroids or fairness creams or both was six months with an IQR of four months. The study found statistically significant differences in the reasons of using topical corticosteroids or fairness creams on the face on the basis of differences in the level of education and marital status.
Conclusion: In Karachi, both, men and women are equally obsessed with fair skin tone and use topical steroids and fairness cream. The use of corticosteroid or fairness cream-induced facial acne is alarmingly high among patients presenting in a dermatology clinic in Karachi.
How to cite this: Ghouse AN, Ashraf E, Khan ZI, Sidiqqui S. Obsession to fairness and topical steroid induced acne: A situation analysis of patients presenting in dermatology clinic at a private hospital in Karachi. Pak J Med Sci. 2024;40(1):128-133. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.40.1.7074
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