Utility of transversus abdominis plane block on patients undergoing transanal total mesorectal excision

  • Jun Ying
  • Chunhui Jiang
  • Chunjie Xu
  • Ye Liu
  • Lei Gu Renji Hospital, School of Medicine Shanghai Jiao Tong University
Keywords: Transversus abdominis plane block, Anesthesia, Rectal cancer, Transanal total mesorectal excision, Natural orifice specimen extraction surgery

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the analgesic effect of transversus abdominis plane block (TAPB) on patients undergoing transanal total mesorectal excision (taTME).

Methods: Medical records of patients who were eligible to receive proctectomy surgery in Renji Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine (From January 2019 to December 2021) were retrospectively reviewed. Propensity score matching (PSM) was applied to the included cases. A total of 120 cases were divided into three groups based on the different operation and anesthesia methods used. Group-A (Lap, n=40) included patients that underwent laparoscopic surgery under general anesthesia. Group- B (ta, n=40) included patients who received taTME surgery under general anesthesia. Group-C (ta+TAPB, n=40) included patients who received taTME surgery under general anesthesia combined with TAPB. The dosage of sufentanil, time of postoperative revival and extubation, anal exhaust time and other adverse events were recorded. Pain assessment using the visual analogue scale (VAS) was performed at 12, 24,48 and 72 hours after the operation.

Results: There were no significant differences in the general parameters, operative conditions, and anesthetic administration between the three groups (P>0.05). The dosage of sufentanil was significantly reduced in Group-C, compared with Group-A and Group-B, with no difference between the groups A and B. There was no significant difference between the three groups in postoperative recovery time and extubation time. VAS score was lower in Group-C than Group-A and Group-B. This difference was more obvious in the early postoperative period and gradually diminished with time. VAS score became similar in all three groups 72 hours after the surgery.

Conclusion: Transanal total mesorectal excision was associated with less pain, compared to laparoscopic TME. TAPB with general anesthesia in patients undergoing taTME is safe and effective. It can significantly reduce the use of sufentanil and has optimal analgesic effect.

List of Abbreviations:
taTME: Transanal total mesorectal excision; TAPB: Transversus abdominis plane block;
PCIA: Patient controlled intravenous analgesia; VAS: Visual analogue scale;
NOSES: Natural orifice specimen extraction surgery; ERAS: Enhanced recovery after surgery.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.39.2.7062

How to cite this: Ying J, Jiang C, Xu C, Liu Y, Gu L. Utility of transversus abdominis plane block on patients undergoing transanal total mesorectal excision. Pak J Med Sci. 2023;39(2):---------. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.39.2.7062

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Published
2023-01-25
How to Cite
Ying, J., Jiang, C., Xu, C., Liu, Y., & Gu, L. (2023). Utility of transversus abdominis plane block on patients undergoing transanal total mesorectal excision. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 39(2). https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.39.2.7062
Section
Original Articles