Falls and correlations among community-dwelling older adults: A Cross-sectional study in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

  • Sultan H. Alamri Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4991-6223
  • Ranya A. Ghamri Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
  • Wejdan H. Alshehri Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
  • Reema S. Alhuthayli Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
  • Nouf M. Alamoudi Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
  • Ragheed D. Alnufaei Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
  • Walid A. Alkeridy Department of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Keywords: prevalence, risk, injuries, older adults, community-dwelling, Jeddah

Abstract

Objectives: Falls are one of the major health issues faced by older adults, and they can result in physical harm, eventual loss of independence, and even death. Herein, we investigated the prevalence, alongside the main risk factors and resulting injuries, of falls among older adults.

Methods: We employed a descriptive cross-sectional approach. Data were collected between February and July 2021 from 403 older adults aged 60 years or above via an online self-reported questionnaire. Basic activities of daily living (BADLs) and instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs) were also recorded.

Results: The prevalence of falls among community-dwelling older adults was 47.4%. Among those who had experienced a fall, 36.2% incurred injuries, 25.3% had fractures, and 23.1% required walking aids. Age between 95-104 years, female sex, participants on anti-hypertensive medications, history of hip or knee replacement surgery, and presence of a caregiver, were significantly more likely to have had a previous history of falls (p < 0.05). Furthermore, having a previous history of stroke, osteoporosis, lower limb weakness, dizziness, using wheelchairs as walking aids, and living with the fear of stumbling or slipping were significantly associated with history of previous falls (p < 0.05).

Conclusions: The prevalence of falls is high among community-dwelling older adults in Jeddah. Physicians should identify older adults with higher falling risk and provide them with appropriate interventions. Public health strategies could significantly reduce falls and fall-related injuries in older adults.

List of Abbreviations: KSA: Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, BADLs: Basic activities of daily living, IADLs: Instrumental activities of daily living, SPSS: Statistical Package for the Social Sciences, χ2: Chi-squared test.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.39.1.6993

How to cite this: Alamri SH, Ghamri RA, Alshehri WH, Alhuthayli RS, Alamoudi NM, Alnufaei RD, et al. Falls and correlations among community-dwelling older adults: A Cross-sectional study in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Pak J Med Sci. 2023;39(1):---------. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.39.1.6993

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Author Biographies

Sultan H. Alamri, Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Other Affiliation

Saudi Geriatrics Society, Saudi Commission For Health Specialties, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Walid A. Alkeridy, Department of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Other Affiliations

Saudi Geriatrics Society, Saudi Commission For Health Specialties, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Department of Medicine, Geriatric Division, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada

Ministry of health, Directorate of home health care, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Published
2022-11-12
How to Cite
Alamri, S., Ghamri, R., Alshehri, W., Alhuthayli, R., Alamoudi, N., Alnufaei, R., & Alkeridy, W. (2022). Falls and correlations among community-dwelling older adults: A Cross-sectional study in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 39(1). https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.39.1.6993