Depression and the risk factors for isolated infectious disease fever patients in the hospital during the COVID-19

  • Guohui Jin
  • Lei Li Baoding No.1 Hospital
  • Jing Liu
  • Wang Baoyan
  • Bo Zhan
Keywords: Infectious Disease, Hospitalized Isolation, Home Isolation, Anxiety, Depression

Abstract

Objectives: To compare and analyze the incidence of anxiety and depression of infectious disease fever patients in hospitalized isolation and home isolation during the COVID-19 pandemic, as well as the risk factors for the negative emotions of hospitalized isolation patients.

Methods: Forty isolated infectious disease fever patients in Baoding No.1 Hospital were randomly selected as the study group, and the other 40 isolated infectious disease fever patients at home were randomly selected as the control group from March 2020 to August 2020. The scores and prevalence of depression and anxiety between the two groups were compared and analyzed. The logistic regression analysis was used to judge and analyze the negative psychological factors of hospitalized isolation patients such as depression and anxiety.

Results: The HAMA and HAMD-17 scores of study group are significantly higher than those of control group (HAMA, p=0.00; HAMD-17, p=0.01). The prevalence of anxiety and depression in the study group was significantly higher than that in the control group (p=0.03, p=0.04). The gender (p=0.002), economic status (p=0.004) and isolation attitude (p=0.023) are the related factors of anxiety, among which economic status is the protective factor, while women and resistant attitude are the risk factors. Economic status (p=0.003) and isolation attitude (p=0.001) are the related factors of depression, among which economic status is the protective factor, and resistant attitude is the risk factor.

Conclusion: The prevalence and severity of anxiety and depression in hospitalized isolation patients due to infectious disease fever are significantly higher than those of home isolation patients. The focus groups are women, with bad economic status and poor isolation attitude. Necessary psychological counseling and social support should be provided to these groups to reduce negative emotions and increase the experience of isolated patients.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.39.2.6902

How to cite this: Jin G, Li L, Liu J, Wang B, Zhan B. Depression and the risk factors for isolated infectious disease fever patients in the hospital during the COVID-19. Pak J Med Sci. 2023;39(2):---------. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.39.2.6902

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Published
2023-01-25
How to Cite
Jin, G., Li, L., Liu, J., Baoyan , W., & Zhan, B. (2023). Depression and the risk factors for isolated infectious disease fever patients in the hospital during the COVID-19. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 39(2). https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.39.2.6902
Section
Original Articles