Clinical evaluation of Alprostadil combined with Nimodipine in treatment of Cerebral Vasospasm after Subarachnoid Hemorrhage in elderly patients
Objective: To analyze the clinical efficacy of alprostadil combined with nimodipine in the treatment of cerebral vasospasm (CVS) after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) in elderly patients.
Methods: This is a retrospective study. According to different treatment methods, the elderly 100 patients with CVS after SAH hospitalized in Baoding First Central Hospital from March 2020 to May 2021 were randomly divided into control group and observation group, with 50 patients in each group. The control group was treated with nimodipine, while the observation group was additionally combined with alprostadil. The levels of inflammatory factors and hemorheological indexes were measured before and after treatment. The clinical efficacy was compared and the adverse reactions were observed of the two groups.
Results: The overall clinical efficacy in the observation group (95.00%) was significantly higher than that in the control group (74.00%) (p<0.05). After treatment, serum tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-8 (IL-8), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and hemorheological indexes such as plasma viscosity, whole blood viscosity at high shear, whole blood viscosity at low shear, hematocrit and platelet adhesion decreased significantly compared with those before treatment (p<0.05), which were more obvious in the observation group (p<0.05). During treatment, the rate of adverse reactions in the observation group was 12.00%, and that in the control group was 8.00%, without statistically significant difference between the two groups (p> 0.05).
Conclusion: Alprostadil combined with nimodipine is markedly effective in the treatment of CVS after SAH in elderly patients. It can effectively reduce inflammatory factor levels and improve hemorheological indexes in patients, which is conducive to the repair of neurological function.
How to cite this: Liu S, Gan N, Xie J, Zhang Y, Su F, Jia T. Clinical evaluation of Alprostadil combined with Nimodipine in treatment of Cerebral Vasospasm after Subarachnoid Hemorrhage in elderly patients. Pak J Med Sci. 2023;39(3):682-686. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.39.3.6753
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