Comparison of pain relief and limb function improvement after extracorporeal shock wave therapy and thermomagnetic therapy in the treatment of low back pain

  • Tao Wu
  • Dun Wang
  • Xia Zhang
  • Junmei Li
  • Bo Yuan Special international medical center of West China Hospital of Sichuan University
Keywords: Skeletal muscle diseases, Pain, Extracorporeal shock wave, Thermomagnetic therapy, Limb function, ESWT, TMT

Abstract

Objective: To compare the rehabilitation effects of extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) and thermomagnetic therapy (TMT) in patients with low back pain (LBP).

Methods: As a single-centre retrospective observational study, clinical data of patients with LBP who received rehabilitation treatment in our hospital from January 2020 to May 2021 were retrospectively collected. Based on the treatment mode, the patients were retrospectively divided into two groups: the control group (patients received core muscle training + TMT, n=51) and the observation group (patients received core muscle training + ESWT, n=56). The general data of the patients were collected and the groups were matched for age, gender and pain duration. The visual analogue scale (VAS) score of pain, improvement of limb function, β-endorphin (β-EP), prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and nitric oxide (NO) were compared between the two groups before and after treatment.

Results: The VAS scores of the observation group were lower than those of the control group at one, two weeks and one month after the treatment (P<0.05). After the treatment, the proportion of mild limb dysfunction in the observation group was 57.14% (32/56), which was higher than 35.29% (1 /51) in the control group. The proportion of patients with severe and obvious disorders was 0 and 5.36% (3/56), respectively, which was lower than 11.76% (6/51) and 5.88% (3/51) in the control group (P<0.05). After the treatment, levels of NO and PGE2 in the observation group were lower, and the level of β-EP was significantly lower than in the control group (P<0.05).

Conclusions: A combination of core muscle training and ESWT can effectively improve the analgesic effect of the treatment and promote greater improvement of limb function in patients with LBP.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.39.1.6668

How to cite this: Wu T, Wang D, Zhang X, Li J, Yuan B. Comparison of pain relief and limb function improvement after extracorporeal shock wave therapy and thermomagnetic therapy in the treatment of low back pain. Pak J Med Sci. 2023;39(1):---------.  doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.39.1.6668

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Published
2022-11-16
How to Cite
Wu, T., Wang, D., Zhang, X., Li, J., & Yuan, B. (2022). Comparison of pain relief and limb function improvement after extracorporeal shock wave therapy and thermomagnetic therapy in the treatment of low back pain. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 39(1). https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.39.1.6668