Correlation analysis of systemic immune inflammatory index, Serum IL-35 and HMGB-1 with the severity and prognosis of sepsis

  • Ke Ma
  • Yajuan Zhang
  • Jian Hao
  • Jing Zhao
  • Ying Qi
  • Cong Liu Ganzhou City People’s Hospital
Keywords: Systemic Immune Inflammatory Index, Interleukin-35, High Mobility Group-Box one, Sepsis, Prognosis

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the correlation between systemic immune inflammatory (SII) index, serum interleukin-35 (IL-35) and high mobility Group-Box one (HMGB-1) with the severity and prognosis of sepsis.

Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on the clinical data of 209 patients with sepsis admitted to Ganzhou City People’s Hospital from October 2019 to October 2021. One hundred eighteen patients in Group-A had common sepsis, and 91 patients in Group-B had septic shock, which were subdivided into the survival Group-And the mortality Group-According to the 28d prognosis. The levels of SII, IL-35 and HMGB-1 in different groups were compared, and their correlation with the severity and prognosis of sepsis was analyzed.

Results: The levels of SII, IL-35 and HMGB-1 in Group-A were significantly lower than those in Group-B (p<0.05). The levels of SII, IL-35 and HMGB-1 in the survival group were significantly lower than those in the death group (p<0.05). Spearman correlation analysis showed that the levels of SII, IL-35, and HMGB-1 were significantly positively correlated with the severity of sepsis (p<0.05), and significantly positively correlated with the prognosis of patients with sepsis (p<0.05).

Conclusion: SII, IL-35 and HMGB-1 are remarkably correlated with the severity and prognosis of patients with sepsis. With the increasing in SII, IL-35 and HMGB-1 levels, patients will suffer from severe disease progression and poor prognosis, which require more clinical attention.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.39.2.6651

How to cite this: Ma K, Zhang Y, Hao J, Zhao J, Qi Y, Liu C. Correlation analysis of systemic immune inflammatory index, Serum IL-35 and HMGB-1 with the severity and prognosis of sepsis. Pak J Med Sci. 2023;39(2):---------. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.39.2.6651

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Published
2023-01-25
How to Cite
Ma, K., Zhang, Y., Hao, J., Zhao, J., Qi, Y., & Liu, C. (2023). Correlation analysis of systemic immune inflammatory index, Serum IL-35 and HMGB-1 with the severity and prognosis of sepsis. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 39(2). https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.39.2.6651
Section
Original Articles