The effect of low-molecular-weight heparin combined with amikacin on the coagulation function and bacterial clearance in the treatment of patients with severe senile pneumonia

  • Aihong Luo
  • Ya Liu Shandong Provincial Third Hospital, Cheeloo College of Medicine, Shandong University
Keywords: Severe pneumonia, Low molecular weight heparin, Amikacin, Bacterial clearance

Abstract

Objective: To analyze the effect of the combined low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) and amikacin treatment on the bacterial clearance and changes in coagulation function in patients with severe pneumonia (SP).

Methods: A single-center retrospective observational study was conducted. Medical records of 526 elderly patients with SP admitted to the ICU Department of Shandong Provincial Third Hospital from February, 2018 to December, 2021 were reviewed and 342 patients were identified. The patients were divided into two groups according to the treatment records: the study group (175 patients received LMWH combined with amikacin) and the control group (167 patients received amikacin). Changes in coagulation indexes before and after the treatment, as well as bacterial clearance rate and clinical efficacy after the treatment were compared between the two groups.

Results: There was no significant difference in prothrombin time (PT), D-Dimer (D-D), antithrombin III (AT-III) and fibrinogen (FIB) levels between the two groups before the treatment (P>0.05). After the treatment, levels of PT, D-D and FIB in the two groups decreased and the level of AT-III increased(P<0.05). Levels of PT, D-D and FIB in the study group were lower, and the level of AT-III was higher (P<0.05) that n in the control group. Bacterial clearance rate in the study group was (86.19%), higher than that in the control group (72.25%) (P<0.05). The total clinical effective rate of the study group (93.14%) was significantly higher than that of the control group (79.04%) (P<0.05).

Conclusions: Combining LMWH with amikacin in the treatment of elderly SP patients can improve the coagulation function and bacterial clearance, can promote the recovery of patients and has a good clinical application value.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.39.1.6627

How to cite this: Luo A, Liu Y. The effect of low-molecular-weight heparin combined with amikacin on the coagulation function and bacterial clearance in the treatment of patients with severe senile pneumonia. Pak J Med Sci. 2023;39(1):---------.  doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.39.1.6627

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Published
2022-11-19
How to Cite
Luo, A., & Liu, Y. (2022). The effect of low-molecular-weight heparin combined with amikacin on the coagulation function and bacterial clearance in the treatment of patients with severe senile pneumonia. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 39(1). https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.39.1.6627