Emergency esophagectomy: Experience of a high volume esophageal cancer center

  • Faizan Ullah
  • Awais Naeem
  • Nighat Bakhtiar Shaukat Khanum Cancer Hospital
  • Osama Shakeel
  • Ihtisham UlHaq
  • Shahid Khattak
  • Aamir Ali Syed
Keywords: Emergency esophagectomy, Perforation, Mortality

Abstract

Objective: The objective of the study was to review the experience of dealing oncological emergency esophagectomies at a dedicated Cancer hospital.

Methods: We performed a retrospective review of data of eleven esophagectomies at the Department of Surgical Oncology, Shaukat Khanum Memorial Cancer Hospital and Research Centre, Lahore (SKMCH&RC) Pakistan, from 1st January, 2009 to 30th June, 2019. Out of 590 oncological esophagectomies, eleven patients had emergency resection. We collected the data of demographics, primary disease, comorbidities, location of tumor and perforation, cause of perforations, radiological and endoscopic findings, clinical findings and follow-up visits after discharge. Data was analyzed by SPSS version 21 for windows.

Results: All 11 patients out of five hunded ninety had esophageal cancer. At the time of initial staging, eight (72%) had locally advanced stage (stage III and IV). Open transhiatal approach was used in six (55%) patients, and the rest had three stage esophagectomies. Primary reconstructions with gastric conduit were performed in all, except in two (18%) patients, Respiratory complications were the most common of the encountered complications, seven (63%) of the patients had palliative resection. Ninety day mortality was observed in 3(27.3%) patients. On long term follow up, six patients had recurrence, with median Disease-Free Survival (DFS) 5.88 months and Median Overall Survival (OS) was 6.37 months. Out of 11, only three patients are alive without disease, while one patient is lost during follow-up.

Conclusion: Emergency esophagectomy is a lifesaving procedure; there should be multidisciplinary team approach towards the management. Early diagnosis and management is of paramount importance.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.39.2.6613

How to cite this: Ullah F, Naeem A, Bakhtiar N, Shakeel O, Ihtisham-Ul-Haq, Khattak S, et al. Emergency esophagectomy: Experience of a high volume esophageal cancer center. Pak J Med Sci. 2023;39(2):---------. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.39.2.6613

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Published
2023-01-24
How to Cite
Ullah , F., Naeem , A., Bakhtiar, N., Osama Shakeel, UlHaq , I., Khattak, S., & Aamir Ali Syed. (2023). Emergency esophagectomy: Experience of a high volume esophageal cancer center. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 39(2). https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.39.2.6613
Section
Original Articles