Differentiating active from Inactive Sacroiliitis in ankylosing spondylitis by combination of DWI and Magnetization Transfer Imaging
Objectives: To evaluate lesions of sacroiliac joint (SIJ) by combination of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and magnetization transfer (MT).
Methods: A retrospective study was used in this study. Forty-nine ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients admitted to The China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences Xiyuan Hospital from May 2020 to October 2020 were collected into active and inactive groups. Twenty-two healthy volunteers were recruited. Apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values for bone marrow edema (BME), sclerosis area, fat deposit area, and normal-appearing bone marrow (NABM) (both patients and healthy volunteers) and the magnetization transfer (MT) rate of the cartilage (MTRc) were analyzed in the groups. The above five parameters (ADC (NABM), ADC (BME) and ADC (fat deposit) and MTRc) between the active group and the inactive group were compared. The effectiveness of each parameter in diagnosing sacroiliac arthritis of ankylosing spondylitis were analyzed, and the predictive value of the parameters was compared.
Results: ADC(BME), ADC(NABM) and MTRc showed statistically significant differences between the active and inactive groups (P <0.05). ADC (BME) and ADC (NABM) could predict the activity of AS sacroiliac arthritis (P <0.01). ADC (NABM) and MTRc were significantly different between healthy volunteers and the active group (P <0.01). The areas under the ROC curve (AUCs) of ADC (BME)_ADC(NABM), ADC(NABM)_MTR, and ADC(BME)_MTRc were 0.885 (cut-off value=0.69), 0.849 (cut-off value=0.56) and 0.864 (cut-off value=0.60), respectively. The predictive ability of the combined index ADC (BME)_MTRc and ADC(NABM)_MTRc was increased.
Conclusion: The ability to diagnose and predict AS might be improved by the combination of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and magnetization transfer (MT).
How to cite this: Ning Q, Fan T, Ren H, Ye H, Wang W. Differentiating active from Inactive Sacroiliitis in ankylosing spondylitis by combination of DWI and Magnetization Transfer Imaging. Pak J Med Sci. 2023;39(2):417-422. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.39.2.6094
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