Cardio protective effect of nicorandil in reperfusion injury among patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention
Objectives: To evaluate the effect of nicorandil in prevention of reperfusion injury during primary percutaneous coronary intervention by thrombolysis in myocardial infarction flow grade scoring.
Methods: A total of 140 patients from Rawalpindi Institute of Cardiology were enrolled in this study conducted from 7th September to 10th of October 2021. These participants were allocated into two major groups. Control group received conventional acute coronary syndrome protocol regimen only whereas experimental group was given nicorandil along with conventional acute coronary syndrome protocol. During primary percutaneous coronary intervention, thrombolysis in myocardial infarction flow grade scoring was analyzed and compared.
Results: Majority of participants in nicorandil group achieved thrombolysis in myocardial infarction Grade-3 scoring which indicated reduced rate of no reflow phenomenon as compared to control group. A statistically significant difference was noted in score of both groups (p value = 0.001) signifying prophylactic use of nicorandil before primary percutaneous coronary intervention along with conventional acute coronary syndrome protocol is superior to only conventional acute coronary syndrome protocol regimen to cases in the control group.
Conclusion: Use of nicorandil in ST elevated myocardial infarction patients before primary percutaneous coronary intervention prevents reperfusion injury thus decreasing the risk of post percutaneous coronary intervention complications and reducing mortality rate in cardiac patients suggesting its significant cardio protective role.
How to cite this: Ilyas M, Noor M, Khan HS, Haroon S, Farhat K, Ali S. Cardio protective effect of nicorandil in reperfusion injury among patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention. Pak J Med Sci. 2023;39(1):---------. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.39.1.6034
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