Endoscopic-assisted lateral neck dissection and open lateral neck dissection in the treatment of lateral neck lymph node metastasis in papillary thyroid carcinoma: A comparison of therapeutic effect

  • Tao Ma
  • Shuai Zhang Baoding No.1 Central Hospital
  • Dongmei Huang
  • Gang Zhang
  • Boyi Chen
  • Ning Zhang
Keywords: Endoscopic-assisted, Open lateral neck dissection, Papillary thyroid carcinoma, Lymph node metastasis

Abstract

Objectives: To compare the therapeutic effect of endoscopic-assisted lateral neck dissection and open lateral neck dissection in the treatment of lateral neck lymph node metastasis of patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC).

Methods: A retrospective analysis was carried out focusing on the general clinical data of 86 patients with PTC treated Baoding No.1 Central Hospital from January 2020 to September 2021. According to different surgical methods, enrolled patients were divided into the endoscopic surgery group (n = 34) and the open surgery group (n = 52). Further comparison was performed on the operation indexes [operation time, postoperative length of stay in hospital, number of dissected lymph nodes (central area, lateral cervical area), number of metastatic lymph nodes (central area, lateral cervical area), hospitalization cost], postoperative complications, postoperative neck pain, neck numbness discomfort score, and satisfaction with postoperative cosmetic effect.

Results: The operation time and hospitalization cost of the endoscopic surgery group were higher than those of the open surgery group, and the intraoperative blood loss was lower than that of the open surgery group, with statistically significant differences (p<0.05). There was no significant difference in the length of stay in the hospital, the number of dissected lymph nodes, the number of metastatic lymph nodes and the detection rate of lymph nodes in zone II between the two groups (p>0.05). Furthermore, a statistically significant difference was observed in the incidence of postoperative complications between the two groups, which was lower in the endoscopic surgery group (29.4%) than that in the open surgery group (51.9%) (p<0.05). There was no significant difference in postoperative neck pain scores between the two groups (p>0.05). While the postoperative neck numbness discomfort score, and satisfaction score with postoperative cosmetic effect in the endoscopic surgery group were better than those in the open surgery group, and the difference was statistically significant (p<0.05).

Conclusion: Endoscopic-assisted lateral neck dissection can reduce intraoperative blood loss and postoperative complication incidence in the treatment of lateral neck lymph node metastasis of PTC. However, it has the disadvantages of longer operation time and high hospitalization costs.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.38.7.5826

How to cite this:
Ma T, Zhang S, Huang D, Zhang G, Chen B, Zhang N. Endoscopic-assisted lateral neck dissection and open lateral neck dissection in the treatment of lateral neck lymph node metastasis in papillary thyroid carcinoma: A comparison of therapeutic effect. Pak J Med Sci. 2022;38(7):---------. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.38.7.5826

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Published
2022-08-02
How to Cite
Ma, T., Zhang, S., Huang, D., Zhang, G., Chen, B., & Zhang, N. (2022). Endoscopic-assisted lateral neck dissection and open lateral neck dissection in the treatment of lateral neck lymph node metastasis in papillary thyroid carcinoma: A comparison of therapeutic effect. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 38(7). https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.38.7.5826
Section
Original Articles