Diagnostic value of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte, lymphocyte-to-monocyte and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio among patients with COVID-19 pneumonia: A retrospective study
Objectives: Our study was aimed to investigate the clinical characteristics of the patients with COVID-19 pneumonia and research new diagnostic methods for the disease.
Methods: In this retrospective study, medical records of 46 novel coronavirus-infected pneumonia (NCIP) patients and 30 healthy individuals in the two multiple hospitals from January 2020 to March 2020 were studied. Clinical characteristics, chest computed tomographic (CT) scans, medicine treatment and laboratory information were collected and retrospectively analyzed. Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) were evaluated.
Results: The main symptoms of the patients with NCIP were fever (100%), cough (82.6%), anorexia (37%), expectoration (34.8%) and fatigue (21.7%), dyspnea (15.2%). Ground glass opacity (GGO) with patch shadow was the main observation of the CT imaging (43.4%), followed by GGO (21.7%), patch shadow (19.5%), GGO with consolidation (8.7%) and GGO with reticular pattern (2.1%). The median white blood cell (WBC) count, lymphocyte count, platelet, and lymphocyte-monocyte ratio (LMR) in NCIP group were all significantly lower than in control group (p<0.001, for all comparisons), while the median neutrophil-monocyte ratio (NLR) and platelets-monocyte ratio (PLR) were both significantly higher (p<0.001, for both comparisons). Median WBC count, lymphocyte count, and platelet count on discharge were significantly higher than on admission (p<0.05). Median PLR was significantly lower two weeks after discharge (p<0.001), while NLR remained the same. The area under the curve (AUC) value of WBC, lymphocyte and platelet counts, NLR, LMR and PLR were 0.766, 0.931, 0.655, 0.780, 0.847 and 0.845, respectively. Early stages of the disease were associated with quick changes in WBC, lymphocyte, and platelet levels. However, NLR did not recover even two weeks after the discharge.
Conclusion: Changes in WBC, lymphocyte, and platelet counts, as well as NLR, LMR and PLR are strongly associated with COVID-19 pneumonia. Monitoring blood markers may assist in evaluating the progression of the disease
How to cite this:
Long X, Zhang T, Duan S. Diagnostic value of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte, lymphocyte-to-monocyte and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio among patients with COVID-19 pneumonia: A retrospective study. Pak J Med Sci. 2022;38(5):1118-1125. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.38.5.5798
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