The Effects of live- in rehabilitation on ARV adherence, abstinence from drugs and lifestyle modification in people who inject drugs (PWID) Living with HIV – A clinic review
Background & Objective: HIV/AIDS is mostly seen in people who inject recreational drugs (PWID). Adherence has to be optimum for its treatment to be effective. Compliance to HIV medication has been problematic in PWID making HIV control difficult. Many studies in the past have validated educational activities like rehabilitation programs beneficial in maintaining regularity in medication intake. This brought us to the question of looking at such programs and its effects on our population. This study was conducted to assess the impact of other perspectives of abstinence and adherence including family support and employment status on a person’s willingness for treatment continuation and avoidance of drugs.
Methods: A retrospective chart review of 241 PWID was conducted to assess adherence to antiretroviral agents (ARVs) and abstinence from recreational drugs post visit to the rehabilitation center. Associations with family support, marital status, employment, income and back to work status were also assessed.
Results: Adherence to ARVs had significant statistical association with marital status (p=0.025), starting work again (p=0.001), family support (p=0.009), employment status (p=0.009) and monthly income (p=0.025). While family support (p=0.033), employment status (p<0.0001), Going back to work (p<0.0001), mode of travel to Rehabilitation center (p<0.0001) and monthly income (p=0.004) were associated with abstinence from drugs. Duration of rehabilitation or age had no effect on adherence or abstinence in our patient population of PWID.
Conclusion: Family and spousal support and employment promote optimal ARV compliance and should be encouraged when starting ARVs. Enrollment in a long-term complementing educational program would further enhance ARV intake and abstinence.
How to cite this:
Hussain A, Rahim A, Sheikh A, Jiwani A. The Effects of live- in rehabilitation on ARV adherence, abstinence from drugs and lifestyle modification in people who inject drugs (PWID) Living with HIV – A clinic review. Pak J Med Sci. 2022;38(2):411-416. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.38.ICON-2022.5780
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