Army Public School Terrorist Attack - Perceptions and Experiences of school children of Karachi

  • Mehjabeen Musharraf JSMU
  • Lubna Baig
  • Zarrukh Ali Baig
Keywords: APS attack, Effects of terrorism on school children, indirect exposure of terrorism, Media and terrorism, Experiences and perceptions of school children after a terrorist attack

Abstract

Objectives: To explore the experiences and perceptions of school children of Karachi after the Army Public School (APS) attack.

Methods: It was a qualitative transcendental phenomenological study. Data collection started nine months after the attack, in September 2015, and continued till November 2019. Study participants were school children from Army, Government, and Private schools. The sampling strategy was convenience. Data collection of 53 students was done by focus group discussions and in depth interviews. Data analysis was performed using the phenomenological analytical techniques of Colaizzi.

Results: Inductive analysis of the qualitative data gave rise to three themes - The journey beyond fear, Response of parents and schools and Role of media.

Conclusion: The study concluded that the APS attack was the source of emotional distress and fear for the school children of Karachi as they personalized the event due to the nature of the attack. Immediately after the incident, they were in anger, grief, and fear, which altered their daily life activities and caused apprehensions in socializing and attending school. However, later they became highly motivated to study and gained courage. This motivation is revenge from terrorists as they wanted to keep children away from schools.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.38.7.5596

How to cite this:
Musharraf M, Baig LA, Baig ZA. Army Public School Terrorist Attack - Perceptions and Experiences of school children of Karachi. Pak J Med Sci. 2022;38(7):---------. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.38.7.5596

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Published
2022-08-02
How to Cite
Musharraf, M., Baig, L., & Baig, Z. A. (2022). Army Public School Terrorist Attack - Perceptions and Experiences of school children of Karachi. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 38(7). https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.38.7.5596
Section
Original Articles