Malnutrition among patients with Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus
Objectives: The present study aims to evaluate the nutritional status of diabetic patients using Subjective Global Assessment (SGA) tool.
Methods: A prospective cross-sectional study was conducted at Endocrine and Medicine Department of Lady Reading Hospital from September 2019 to March 2020. A total of 359 patients diagnosed with Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) were included in the study. The malnutrition status was assessed using SGA, and clinical parameters including albumin and total leukocyte count (TLC).
Results: We have observed mild to moderate malnutrition among 48.2% patients, and severe malnutrition in 10.6% patients as per the SGA scoring. Among the factors associated with nutritional status were BMI (p<0.01), and presence of CAD (DM complication) (p=0.015). As per the correlation analysis, BMI had a significant negative correlation with nutritional status (r=-0.351; p<0.01).
Conclusion: It is concluded from the study results that there is a high prevalence of malnutrition among the enrolled diabetic patients.
How to cite this: Ahmed I, Kaifi HM, Tahir H, Javed A. Malnutrition among patients with Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus. Pak J Med Sci. 2023;39(1):64-69. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.39.1.5485
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