Malnutrition among patients with Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus

  • Ibrar Ahmed Department of Diabetes and Endocrine, Lady Reading Hospital, Peshawar
  • Hoor Maab Kaifi Department of Diabetes and Endocrine, Lady Reading Hospital, Peshawar
  • Hira Tahir Department of Diabetes and Endocrine, Lady Reading Hospital, Peshawar
  • Adan Javed Department of Diabetes and Endocrine, Lady Reading Hospital, Peshawar
Keywords: Malnutrition, Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Subjective Global Assessment

Abstract

Objectives: The present study aims to evaluate the nutritional status of diabetic patients using Subjective Global Assessment (SGA) tool.

Methods: A prospective cross-sectional study was conducted at Endocrine and Medicine Department of Lady Reading Hospital from September 2019 to March 2020. A total of 359 patients diagnosed with Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) were included in the study. The malnutrition status was assessed using SGA, and clinical parameters including albumin and total leukocyte count (TLC).

Results: We have observed mild to moderate malnutrition among 48.2% patients, and severe malnutrition in 10.6% patients as per the SGA scoring. Among the factors associated with nutritional status were BMI (p<0.01), and presence of CAD (DM complication) (p=0.015). As per the correlation analysis, BMI had a significant negative correlation with nutritional status (r=-0.351; p<0.01).

Conclusion: It is concluded from the study results that there is a high prevalence of malnutrition among the enrolled diabetic patients.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.39.1.5485

How to cite this: Ahmed I, Kaifi HM, Tahir H, Javed A. Malnutrition among patients with Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus. Pak J Med Sci. 2023;39(1):---------. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.39.1.5485

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Published
2022-11-23
How to Cite
Ahmed, I., Kaifi, H. M., Tahir, H., & Javed, A. (2022). Malnutrition among patients with Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 39(1). https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.39.1.5485