Clinical efficacy of neoadjuvant chemohormonal therapy combined with laparoscopic radical prostatectomy in high-risk Prostate Cancer
Objectives: To evaluate the clinical efficacy of neoadjuvant chemohormonal therapy (NCHT) combined with laparoscopic radical prostatectomy in high-risk prostate cancer (PCa).
Methods: A randomized controlled trial was used in this study. Eighty patients with high-risk PCa treated in Tangshan Gongren Hospital from January 2017 to January 2019 were selected and randomly divided into two groups. The control group was given neoadjuvant endocrine therapy, while the research group was added NCHT to the control group. Three months later, the patients of two groups underwent laparoscopic radical prostatectomy. The changes of surgical indicators, adverse drug reactions, incidence of lower urinary tract symptoms, biochemical recurrence rate after follow-up, PSA progression-free survival and incidence of surgical complications were compared between the two groups.
Results: After NCHT, the PSA level and prostate volume in the research group decreased significantly than those in the control group (P = 0.00). Surgical duration, postoperative hospital stay and retention time of drainage tube were significantly shorter and intraoperative blood loss was significantly less in the research group than those in the control group (P = 0.00). The incidence of lower urinary tract symptoms, biochemical recurrence and surgical complications in the research group were significantly lower than those in the control group, and the early recovery rate of urinary control and progression-free survival were significantly better than those in the control group (P < 0.05).
Conclusion: NCHT combined with laparoscopic radical prostatectomy is a safe and effective treatment for high-risk PCa, which is worthy of promotion in clinical practice.
How to cite this:
Zhang P, Cai S, Yan C, Li L. Clinical efficacy of neoadjuvant chemohormonal therapy combined with laparoscopic radical prostatectomy in high-risk Prostate Cancer. Pak J Med Sci. 2022;38(8):---------. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.38.8.5469
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