Expressions of IGF-1R and Ki-67 in breast cancer patients with diabetes mellitus and an analysis of biological characteristics
Objectives: There is a cross-link of insulin and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) with each other’s receptors. The present study was carried out to explore the relationship of Type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) with the occurrence and development of breast cancer by analyzing the expression of IGF-1R and Ki-67, as well as the biological characteristics in breast cancer patients with and without diabetes mellitus.
Methods: A total of 102 cases of breast cancer patients with T2DM admitted in Hebei General Hospital from January 2019 to December 2020 were selected and grouped in T2DM group. While the control group included 106 cases of breast cancer patients without diabetes mellitus in the same period. Further comparison was conducted focusing on the general data, clinical stage, tumor histological grade, molecular classification and prognosis, and the expressions of IGF-1R and Ki-67 in breast cancer tissue between groups.
Results: Compared with control group, patients in T2DM group were elderly and accounted for a larger proportion of post-menopause (p<0.05), yet with no significant difference in body mass and family history (p>0.05). Compared with control group, T2DM group had advanced clinical stage, higher histological grade, and more common molecular type, with statistical differences between groups (p<0.05). Furthermore, there were higher proportions of local recurrence, lymph node metastasis and distant metastasis in T2DM group than those in control group, yet with no statistical significance (p>0.05). While statistical difference was found in the comparison of the 5-year survival rate, which was lower in T2DM group than that in control group (p<0.05). In addition, compared with control group, there were significant increase in both the expressions of IGF-1R and Ki-67 in T2DM group (p<0.05).
Conclusions: T2DM may be one of the risk factors affecting the occurrence, development and prognosis of breast cancer, which may decrease the 5-year survival of breast cancer patients. Besides, high expressions of IGF-1R and Ki-67 may be the key factors for poor prognosis of breast cancer patients with diabetes mellitus.
How to cite this:
Yan X, Gao Z, Zhou Y, Gao F, Li Q. Expressions of IGF-1R and Ki-67 in breast cancer patients with diabetes mellitus and an analysis of biological characteristics. Pak J Med Sci. 2022;38(1):281-286. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.38.1.4718
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