Effects of enteral nutrition on heart function, inflammatory markers and immune function in elderly patients with chronic heart failure

  • Dan Zhang
  • Hongli Li Baoding First Central Hospital
  • Xiang Tian
  • Sujuan Zhang
Keywords: Enteral nutrition, Elderly, Chronic heart failure, Heart function, Inflammatory factors, Immune function, Nutrition

Abstract

Objectives: To evaluate the effect of enteral nutrition on heart function, inflammatory markers and immune function in elderly patients with chronic heart failure and its clinical significance.

Methods: Eighty patients with moderate and severe heart failure admitted to the Cardiology Intensive Care Unit (CCU) of Baoding First Central Hospital from May 2019 to May 2020 were included in this study and randomly divided into two groups: the experimental group and the control group, with 40 patients in each group. The experimental group was given enteral nutrition support therapy on the basis of conventional therapy for one month, while the control group was given restricted salt and water intake on the basis of conventional therapy, and patients were given free diet according to their wishes. The changes in heart function before and after treatment, changes in inflammatory factors such as TNF-a, CRP, IL-6, changes in levels of immunoglobulins such as IgA, IgM, and IgG, and the improvement of the performance status of the two groups were compared and analyzed.

Results: After treatment, indicators such as BNP, LVEDD, LVEF and 6min walking distance in the experimental group were significantly improved compared with the control group, with statistically significant differences (p<0.05), and the levels of inflammatory factors such as TNF-a, CRP and IL-6 in the experimental group were significantly reduced compared with those in the control group (p=0.00). The levels of IgG, IgA, IgM and other immunoglobulins in the experimental group improved more significantly after treatment than those in the control group, with statistically significant differences (IgG, IgA, p=0.00; IgM, p=0.01). Moreover, the experimental group was significantly superior to the control group in the improvement rate of performance status score (ECOG) after treatment (p=0.04); The incidence of gastrointestinal adverse reactions in the experimental group was 20%, and that in the control group was 15%. No statistically significant difference can be observed in the gastrointestinal tolerance of both groups (p=0.56).

Conclusions: Reasonable enteral nutrition boasts a variety of benefits for the recovery of elderly patients with chronic heart failure. With reasonable enteral nutrition, the heart function of elderly patients with chronic heart failure can be significantly improved, inflammatory factors can be reduced, immunity and performance status can be enhanced, and gastrointestinal tolerance can be ameliorated without obvious gastrointestinal reactions.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.38.1.4451

How to cite this:
Zhang D, Li H, Tian X, Zhang S. Effects of enteral nutrition on heart function, inflammatory markers and immune function in elderly patients with chronic heart failure. Pak J Med Sci. 2022;38(1):302-309.  doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.38.1.4451

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Published
2021-11-23
How to Cite
Zhang, D., Li, H., Tian, X., & Zhang, S. (2021). Effects of enteral nutrition on heart function, inflammatory markers and immune function in elderly patients with chronic heart failure. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 38(1). https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.38.1.4451
Section
Original Articles