Analysis of clinical distribution and drug resistance of klebsiella pneumoniae pulmonary infection in patients with hypertensive intra cerebral hemorrhage after minimally invasive surgery
Objectives: To investigate the clinical distribution and drug resistance of Klebsiella pneumoniae pulmonary infection in patients with hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage after minimally invasive surgery.
Methods: A total of 658 patients with hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage who underwent minimally invasive surgery admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) and the Department of Neurology of Affiliated Hospital of Hebei University from January 2015 to January 2020 were enrolled and divided into two groups: the observation group and the control group. Three hundred and thirty-three cases with postoperative pulmonary infection were included into the observation group, and 325 cases without postoperative pulmonary infection were divided into the control group. The intubation time, neurological deficiency score and Glasgow coma scale (GCS) of the two groups were analyzed and compared. Automatic microbial identification system was utilized to isolate bacteria from patients in the observation group, identify Klebsiella pneumoniae, and analyze Klebsiella pneumoniae infection, clinical department distribution, and age distribution. The Kirby-Bauer method was adopted to carry out the drug susceptibility test of Klebsiella pneumoniae infection.
Results: The intubation time and neurological deficiency score of patients with hypertensive cerebral hemorrhage in the observation group were significantly higher than those in the control group (p<0.05), while the GCS score was significantly lower than that in the control group (p<0.05). A total of 403 strains of pathogenic bacteria were isolated from 325 patients in the observation group, of which 52 strains of Klebsiella pneumoniae were detected in 52 patients with postoperative pulmonary infection, accounting for 12.90%. The detection rates of Klebsiella pneumoniae in ICU and neurology department were 53.85% and 46.15%, respectively. Klebsiella pneumoniae had the highest detection rate (40.38%) in people aged 70 years and above. Moreover, fifty-two strains of Klebsiella pneumoniae showed low drug resistance rate (<20%) to cefoperazone/sulbactam, piperacillin/tazobactam, cefoxitin, imipenem, meropenem, amikacin, ciprofloxacin, and levofloxacin.
Conclusion: For patients with hypertensive cerebral hemorrhage who have pulmonary infection after minimally invasive surgery, risk factors causing infection should be identified in time, their Klebsiella pneumoniae infection should be correctly monitored, and antibiotics should be taken rationally to effectively promote the elimination of brain edema in patients and protect the cranial nerve function of patients.
How to cite this:
Li W, Xu L, Zhao H, Zhu S. Analysis of clinical distribution and drug resistance of klebsiella pneumoniae pulmonary infection in patients with hypertensive intra cerebral hemorrhage after minimally invasive surgery. Pak J Med Sci. 2022;38(1):237-242. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.38.1.4439
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