Ramadan Fasting: Perception and maternal outcomes during Pregnancy

  • Nazli Hossain Dow Medical College & Ruth Pfau KM Civil Hospital Karachi
  • Mahwish Samuel Holy Family Hospital Karachi
  • Saba Mughal Dow University of Health Sciences
  • Kashif Shafique Dow University of Health Sciences
Keywords: Ramadan, Fasting, Preterm delivery, Gestational diabetes mellitus

Abstract

Objectives: To see perception and knowledge of women about Ramadan fasting and maternal effects of fasting.

Methods: The study design was prospective, case-controlled. This study was conducted at Holy Family Hospital from 1st May 2020 to July 2020. Pregnant women with spontaneous conception and singleton pregnancies, who fasted for seven or more days, were cases, and those who did not fast were taken as controls. Questionnaire was filled regarding perception of women about maternal fasting. Primary maternal outcomes included preterm delivery, pregnancy induced hypertension, and gestational diabetes mellitus. The analysis was conducted using Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 16.0.

Results: A total of 215 women were included in the study, 123 women fasted, and 92 women did not fast. Only 2.8% of women knew that fasting is forbidden in pregnancy. Sixty five percent of women reported weakness as the main reason for not fasting. The rate of gestational diabetes, pregnancy induced hypertension and preterm delivery was higher among women who fasted (17% vs 14%, 7% vs 2%, 9% vs 9%) respectively, compared to non-fasting women, but were not found statistically significant. There was no difference in anthropometric measurements of newborn, among both groups.

Conclusion: Ramadan fasting does not affect maternal outcomes during pregnancy.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.37.5.4109

How to cite this:
Hossain N, Samuel M, Mughal S, Shafique K. Ramadan Fasting: Perception and maternal outcomes during Pregnancy. Pak J Med Sci. 2021;37(5):1262-1267. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.37.5.4109

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Author Biographies

Nazli Hossain, Dow Medical College & Ruth Pfau KM Civil Hospital Karachi

Professor

Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology Unit II

Dow Medical College & Ruth Pfau KM Civil Hospital Karachi

Mahwish Samuel, Holy Family Hospital Karachi

Resident Trainee, Holy Family Hospital Karachi

Saba Mughal, Dow University of Health Sciences

Lecturer

School of Public Health, Dow University of Health Sciences

 

 

Kashif Shafique, Dow University of Health Sciences

Professor

School of Public Health, Dow University of Health Sciences

Published
2021-07-15
How to Cite
Hossain, N., Samuel, M., Mughal, S., & Shafique, K. (2021). Ramadan Fasting: Perception and maternal outcomes during Pregnancy. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 37(5). https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.37.5.4109
Section
Original Articles