Clinical outcome of right ventricle outflow tract management for repair of Tetralogy of Fallot with three contemporary surgical strategies
Objective: To compare the early operative outcome of TOF repair with three contemporary repair strategies of RVOTO repair i.e. TAP, Mono-cusp construction (MC) in TAP and pulmonary valve repair.
Methods: Study is performed at Punjab Institute of Cardiology, Lahore from May 2016 to April 2020. Retrospective analysis of data was performed for patient who underwent TOF repair by three different strategies of RVOT repairs during TOF surgery based on z scoring for pulmonary valve annulus. Group-I underwent trans-annular patch repair, while Group-II and III underwent Mono-cusp repair with autologous pericardium and pulmonary valve repair respectively. Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and Pearson Chi-Square (PCS) statistics were used to compare the three groups for numeric and categorical variables respectively. Post-hoc t-test and Bonferroni correction were performed for numeric data to compare two groups with each other. Chi-square test was used to perform comparison between groups for categorial variables.
Results: ANOVA for aortic cross clamp time, total CPB time, Post-operative mechanical ventilation time, ICU stay and hospital stay showed statistical difference among all three group with p-value less than 0.05 however post hoc T-test showed this variation is limited to post-operative mechanical ventilation only when groups compared with each other. PCS showed there was difference for incidence of difficult weaning from CPB when all three groups compared while there was no difference in operative mortality with p-value of 0.15. However, Group-II comparison with Group-I showed that weaning from CPB was superior in-Group-II with p-value of 0.016. Group-III showed the best statistics for all operative outcome variables among all three groups. Comparison of incidence of post-operative moderate pulmonary regurgitation before discharge between Group-II and Group-III showed significant difference with p-value of 0.0052.
Conclusion: PV repair strategy should be employed for RVOT repair of TOF whenever feasible. MC repair showed fewer hours of postoperative mechanical ventilation and higher incidence of easy weaning from CPB when compared to TAP, however its impacts over ICU stay, Hospital stay and operative mortality is not profound in our TOF repair population.
How to cite this:
Waqar T, Ansari MZA, Khan K. Clinical outcome of right ventricle outflow tract management for repair of Tetralogy of Fallot with three contemporary surgical strategies. Pak J Med Sci. 2021;37(5):1313-1318. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.37.5.3961
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