Determination of serum tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) levels in metabolic syndrome patients from Saudi population
Objectives: To detect the relationship between serum tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and metabolic syndrome (MetS) components in patients of the Saudi population.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out at Jouf University Saudi Arabia from September 2019 to August 2020 and comprised of 183 individuals (91 cases and 92 controls). The blood samples were drawn from the patients visiting two tertiary care settings of Al Jouf province. Biochemical analysis was conducted on various instruments, and serum TNF-α was measured by the ELISA method.
Results: The levels of serum glucose fasting, lipid profile, HbA1c and body mass index (BMI) were raised significantly in cases of MetS than controls (p = 0.001). Serum TNF-α was significantly higher in patients (58.04 ± 15.44) than controls (48.81 ± 10.30). It was correlated with the BMI, blood HbA1c, serum fasting glucose (SFG) and serum high density lipoprotein (HDL). The weak positive correlation was found with BMI (r = 0.18; p = 0.01), serum glucose (r = 0.21; p = 0.007) and HbA1c (r = 0.14; p = 0.04), but found negative association with serum HDL (r = -0.18; p = 0.01).
Conclusion: The serum TNF-α was raised in metabolic syndrome patients than the healthy controls. It was positively associated with high BMI, serum fasting glucose, and HbA1c and found linked and negatively linked to low HDL levels in MetS patients in the Saudi population.
How to cite this:
Ullah MI, Alzahrani B, Alsrhani A, Atif M, Alameen AAM, Ejaz H. Determination of serum tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) levels in metabolic syndrome patients from Saudi population. Pak J Med Sci. 2021;37(3):700-705. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.37.3.3897
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