Effect of Sintilimab combined with Chemotherapy on Tumor Markers and Immune Function of advanced non-small cell lung cancer
Objective: To evaluate the effect of sintilimab combined with chemotherapy on tumor markers and immune function in advanced non-small cell lung cancer.
Methods: The study was conducted at Xi’an Medical University, China. The 120 patients with advanced NSCLC who were treated in our hospital from January 2016 to January 2020 were randomly divided into two groups, with 60 cases in each group. Patients in the control group received conventional GP chemotherapy, while those in the experimental group received intravenous injection of sindilimab on the basis of conventional GP chemotherapy. The changes of serum tumor markers CYFRA211, CEA, CA125 and T lymphocyte subsets CD3+, CD4+, CD8+, CD4+/CD8+ in the two groups prior to and after treatment were compared and analyzed. At the same time, the clinical efficacy at six months was compared between the two groups.
Results: The serum tumor markers CYFRA211, CEA and CA125 in the two groups after treatment were lower than those before treatment, and the difference was statistically significant (P=0.00). Specifically, the above-mentioned markers in the experimental group decreased more significantly than those in the control group, and the difference was statistically significant (CYFRA211, CA125, p=0.00; CEA, p=0.01; the levels of CD3+ and CD4+ in the experimental group were higher than those in the control group after treatment, with statistical significance (CD3+, p=0.00; CD4+, p=0.01)). No significant change can be seen in CD8+ (p=0.14), and the level of CD4+/CD8+ in the experimental group was higher than that in the control group, with a significant difference (p=0.02). The complete remission rate (CR) was 22% in the experimental group and 8% in the control group (P=0.04), which was statistically significant. The progress rate (PD) of the experimental group was significantly lower than that of the control group, with statistical significance (p=0.02). The overall response rate (RR) of the experimental group was more advantageous than that of the control group, with a statistically significant difference (p=0.01).
Conclusion: Compared with chemotherapy alone, significant therapeutic effects can be obtained in the treatment of advanced non-small cell lung cancer with sintilimab combined with chemotherapy. With this combination regimen, the level of serum tumor markers can be significantly reduced, the cellular immune function of patients can be improved, with the overall response rate of treatment increased, and the risk of progressive disease of patients reduced.
How to cite this:
Liang X, Wei Z. Effect of Sintilimab combined with Chemotherapy on Tumor Markers and Immune Function of advanced non-small cell lung cancer. Pak J Med Sci. 2021;37(4):1063-1068. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.37.4.3820
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