Setting Agenda for Medical Education Research in Pakistan

  • Sarah Ali Pakistan Medical and Dental Council
  • Ahsan Sethi Khyber Medical University, Peshawar
Keywords: Health Professions, Medical Education, Priority, Research


Objective: To justify the allocation of human and financial resources, this study aims to identify multiple stakeholders’ views of medical education research priorities in Pakistan for the next five years.

Methods: This two-stage exploratory mixed-method study was conducted from Jan 2018 to Jun 2019. A purposively selected sample of 250 faculty members, research supervisors, postgraduate students, undergraduate students and policymakers actively involved in improving Medical Education were included. In Stage-I: An exploratory open-ended questionnaire asking about Medical Education Research (MER) priorities in Pakistan for the next five years was emailed. Data were thematically analyzed to identify MER areas. In Stage-II: Another questionnaire was developed based on MER areas. The participants were asked to rate their importance on a scale of one to five. Descriptive statistics were calculated using SPSS.v.24.

Results: In Stage-I, 140 participants and in Stage-II, 130 participants from different stakeholder groups responded. We identified 20 research priorities grouped under eight themes: curriculum organization, content, delivery, assessment, workplace, students, faculty and educational management. Top three research priorities were identifying needs and developing effective provisions for continuous professional development of the faculty, improving assessment and communication skills.

Conclusion: The study identified top MER priority areas as continuous professional development, assessment and communication skills. Some areas unique to the current study include admissions, fostering critical thinking, Islamic values in professionalism and ethics. The study provides evidence-base for decision-making about allocating time and funds for MER in Pakistan.


How to cite this:
Ali S, Sethi A. Setting Agenda for Medical Education Research in Pakistan. Pak J Med Sci. 2021;37(3):684-688.   doi:

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

How to Cite
Ali, S., & Sethi, A. (2021). Setting Agenda for Medical Education Research in Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 37(3).
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