An Inexpensive model to teach hemorrhage control in resource limited settings

Keywords: Hemorrhage, Manikin, Exsanguination, Trauma


We have created a bleeding leg simulator using inexpensive and readily available materials to teach civilians in resource-poor settings how to control exsanguinating hemorrhage until the patient can be brought to the hospital, as commercially available mannequins are often too expensive in these settings. Items used include a leg of lamb, IV tubing, IV fluids, and food coloring.
The model was consistently rated as ‘‘nearly – real’’ to ‘‘life like’’ by ten physicians and surgeons, cost less than fifty dollars to make, and provided a fairly realistic model for teaching hemorrhage control.


How to cite this:
Malik OAA, Chhapra R. An Inexpensive model to teach hemorrhage control in resource limited settings. Pak J Med Sci. 2021;37(3):916-918. doi:

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

How to Cite
Malik, O. A. A., & Chhapra, R. (2021). An Inexpensive model to teach hemorrhage control in resource limited settings. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 37(3).
Short Communication