Adjunctive postoperative course of dexamethasone in chronic subdural hematoma: Effect on surgical outcome
Objectives: To compare the effect of burrhole craniostomy with and without a postoperative course of dexamethasone on recurrence rate of chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH).
Methods: The study was conducted at the Department of Neurosurgery, Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences, Islamabad, from September 2017 till May 2018. Adult patients diagnosed with CSDH and advised burrhole craniostomy were enrolled in this prospective randomized controlled trial. Participants were randomized into Group-1 (receiving two weeks dexamethasone), and Group-2 (no dexamethasone). Clinical assessment and Brain CT were done preoperatively, second postoperative day, sixth and twelfth postoperative week, with outcome assessed at twelfth postoperative week. Complications of treatment and recurrence rate were recorded.
Results: Ninety-two (n=92, 46 in each group) patients were enrolled. Improvement in neurological (95.7% vs 93.5%; P=0.646) and radiological outcome (95.7% vs 93.5%; P=0.646) was similar in both groups. Complication rate was higher in Group-1 but not significantly different (58.7% vs 43.5%; P=0.535). Most frequent complication was pneumocephalus, with mortality rate equal (n=one). Recurrence was observed in 2.2% (n=1/46) patients in Group-1 and 4.3% (n=2/46) in Group-2 (P=0.557), which was not statistically significant.
Conclusions: Neurological and radiological outcome, and mortality rates were similar in both groups. The recurrence rate was lower and complications slightly higher in Group-1 but these were not statistically significant.
How to cite this:
Tariq J, Bhatti SN. Adjunctive postoperative course of dexamethasone in chronic subdural hematoma: Effect on surgical outcome. Pak J Med Sci. 2021;37(7):1877-1882. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.37.7.3374
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.