Frequency of incidental ocular findings during pre-employment screening at a tertiary care Eye hospital

  • Summaya Khan AFIO, Rawalpindi
  • Aisha Rafique AFIO, Rawalpindi
  • Omar Zafar AFIO, Rawalpindi
Keywords: Incidental findings, Pre-employment ocular screening, Routine eye examination


Objective: To highlight the prevalence of incidentally discovered ocular findings harvested amongst candidates of different age groups presented for pre-employment screening in a tertiary care eye hospital.

Methods: This Cross sectional prospective study was conducted in Armed Forces Institute of Ophthalmology, Rawalpindi, from Jun 2018 to Dec 2019. Data was collected using non-probability consecutive sampling technique. All candidates who appeared for medical fitness examination were included. Candidates belonged to various regions of Pakistan. Complete ophthalmic checkup including visual acuity, best corrected visual acuity, anterior and posterior segment examination was performed. The data analysis was done by IBM SPSS 2.0 software.

Results: One thousand and five hundred (1500) candidates underwent ophthalmic medical fitness examination during Jun 2018 to Dec 2019, out of these 86% (1290) were males and 14% (210) were females. Mean age of the candidates was 23.14 ± 5.66 years. The most common incidental ocular findings were amblyopia 24.6% (369), strabismus 10% (150), cataract 7.3% (110), macular scar 6.5% (100) and colour vision deficiencies 5.5% (82).

Conclusion: The study demonstrates that out of total patients, 77% (1095) were found to be asymptomatic and 23% (405) were symptomatic. The study provides frequency for prevailing diseases and can help in improvement of eye care screening.


How to cite this:
Khan S, Rafique A, Zafar O. Frequency of incidental ocular findings during preemployment screening at a tertiary care Eye hospital. Pak J Med Sci. 2021;37(3):746-750. doi:

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

How to Cite
Khan, S., Rafique, A., & Zafar, O. (2021). Frequency of incidental ocular findings during pre-employment screening at a tertiary care Eye hospital. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 37(3).
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