Effectiveness of Pre-operative Respiratory Muscle Training versus Conventional Treatment for Improving Post operative Pulmonary Health after Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting

  • Wajeeha Sahar Faisalabad Institute of Cardiology
  • Noor Ajaz KKT Orthopedic and Spine Center, Faisalabad
  • Zulfiqar Haider Punjab Institute of Cardiology, Lahore.
  • Anjum Jalal Faisalabad Institute of Cardiology
Keywords: Cardiopulmonary Physiotherapy, Inspiratory Muscle Training, Breathing exercises, post-operative pulmonary health, Incentive spirometry,, 6-minute walk test, Coronary artery bypass grafting

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the Effectiveness of Pre-operative Respiratory Muscle Training versus Conventional Treatment for Improving post-operative pulmonary health after Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery (CABG).

Methods: A Prospective Randomized clinical trial was performed on sixty patients who underwent elective CABG at Faisalabad Institute of Cardiology. At the time of admission all patients were subjected to 6-minutes’ walk test (6MWT) as baseline. The subjects were then divided into two groups. The Group-I was subjected to respiratory muscle training whereas the Group-2 received the routine preoperative care. The 6-minute walk test (6MWT) was then repeated a day before surgery (pre-operative) and before discharge (post-operatively). Duration of post-operative mechanical ventilation, oxygen therapy and hospital stay were also noted as outcome measures of this study.

Results: The pre-operative and post-operative readings showed that the patients in the interventional group performed better than the control group in their 6MWT with P-value of less than 0.05. Similarly the interventional group had shorter duration of mechanical ventilation, dependence on oxygen therapy and postoperative hospital stay as compared with the control group showing P-values below 0.05.

Conclusion: The results showed that respiratory muscle training results in improved postoperative functional capacity and reduces of hospital stay.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.6.2899

How to cite this:
Sahar W, Ajaz N, Haider Z, Jalal A. Effectiveness of Pre-operative Respiratory Muscle Training versus Conventional Treatment for Improving Post operative Pulmonary Health after Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting. Pak J Med Sci. 2020;36(6):1216-1219.   doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.6.2899

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Published
2020-08-19
How to Cite
Sahar, W., Ajaz, N., Haider, Z., & Jalal, A. (2020). Effectiveness of Pre-operative Respiratory Muscle Training versus Conventional Treatment for Improving Post operative Pulmonary Health after Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 36(6). https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.6.2899
Section
Original Articles