Comparison of within 7 Day All-Cause Mortality among HDU Patients with Modified Early Warning Score of ≥5 with those with Score of <5
Objective: To compare 7-Day All-Cause Mortality among HDU Patients with Modified Early Warning Score of ≥5 with Those with Score of <5.
Methods: All patients of age more than 18 years, of either gender admitted in HDU of Medical Unit-II, CHK between September 2019 to February 2020 were included. MEWS was calculated for each patient at time of admission. Patients with MEWS score of ≥5 were allocated to Group-A and those with score of <5 were allocated to Group-B. Patients were followed for seven days and outcome status of alive, expired or discharged was noted.
Results: Total of 336 patients were selected out of which 168 patients was inducted in Group-A and 168 patients in Group-B. MEWS Score in patients who expired was significantly higher (Mdn=11) than in those who survived (Mdn=4), p <.001. 7-day mortality in Group-A was 62 (39.9%) while in Group-B was 40 (23.8%). ROC was plotted of MEWS Score for mortality, it showed significant area under curve of 68.4% (p <0.001, 95% CI = 0.62 to 0.75). MEWS Score of 3.5 showed sensitivity of 89.2% and specificity of 65%.
Conclusion: Our results show that MEWS has a positive trend to predict mortality. MEWS score of 3.5 is suggested cut off based on ROC in our study.
How to cite this:
Shaikh MA, Punshi A, Talreja ML, Rasheed T, Bader N, Zuberi BF. Comparison of within 7 Day All-Cause Mortality among HDU Patients with Modified Early Warning Score of ≥5 with those with Score of <5. Pak J Med Sci. 2021;37(2):515-519. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.37.2.2832
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