Trauma Evaluation and Management TEAM® course for medical students in Pakistan

  • Rufina Soomro, Professor Liaquat National Hospital and Medical College. karachi
  • Sobia Ali, Associate Professor Liaquat National Hospital and Medical College. Karaachi
Keywords: Trauma, Undergraduate medical curriculum trauma teaching, developing countries, TEAM


Objectives: To assess the immediate effect of TEAM® on trauma related knowledge of undergraduate medical students and to highlight the stakeholders’ acceptability of TEAM® for trauma training of undergraduate medical students

Methods: Effectiveness of TEAM® course in terms of knowledge gain was assessed using 20-item-MCQs at three different timings to three cohorts of medical students from year 2017 (Group A), 2018 (Group B) and 2019 (Group C). Group A attempted the test after traditional teaching in wards, Group B attempted it after reading books and videos of TEAM®, along with traditional trauma teaching. Finally Group C attempted the test after TEAM® course along with videos and books. Students and faculty also filled evaluation questionnaire for their acceptability assessment. Kruskal-Wallis Test was applied for comparison between scores of the three groups. The evaluation questionnaire of students as well as for faculty was evaluated by determining frequencies and percentages.

Results: A statistically significant difference is found after comparing the scores of the three groups (p< 0.00). More than 85% of the students were of a view that this course would help in their future practice and application. Similarly, 80% of the faculty would prefer to be involved in TEAM® teaching in future.

Conclusion: There is an improvement in trauma cognitive knowledge, after the TEAM® program. Students and faculty strongly supported its introduction in the undergraduate curriculum and hence acceptable to both.


How to cite this:
Soomro R, Ali S. Trauma Evaluation and Management TEAM® course for medical students in Pakistan. Pak J Med Sci. 2020;36(6):1257-1262. doi:

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

How to Cite
Soomro, R., & Ali, S. (2020). Trauma Evaluation and Management TEAM® course for medical students in Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 36(6).
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