The role of extended antral resection on weight loss and metabolic response after sleeve gastrectomy: A retrospective cohort study
Objective: The impact of extended antral resection (AR) after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) on clinical results is still not clearly elucidated with conflicting results. Our study aimed to determine whether AR is superior to antral preservation (AP) regarding clinical results.
Methods: Patients were divided into two groups according to the distance of gastric division as AR group (2cm from pylorus) and AP group (6cm from pylorus). Postoperative excess weight loss percentile (%EWL) and total body weight loss percentiles (%TBWL) at the end of first, 6th and 12 months were compared. Secondly, metabolic parameters and complications were compared.
Results: The first 68 patients underwent AP, and the following 43 patients underwent AR. Although statistically not significant, AR achieve more %EWL and %TBWL at the end of the first year, (P>0.05). On the other hand, metabolic parameters were similar at the end of the first year, (P>0.05). Resolution of comorbidities were statistically not different, (P>0.05). Staple line leak occurred in two patients of the AR group (4.7%) and two patients of the AP group (2.9%), (P>0.05).
Conclusion: Both AR and AP seem to be equally effective in resolution of metabolic response. Although statistically not significant- AR provided more %EWL and %TBWL at the end of 12 months.
How to cite this:
Yuksel A, Coskun M, Karaman K. The role of extended antral resection on weight loss and metabolic response after sleeve gastrectomy: A retrospective cohort study. Pak J Med Sci. 2020;36(6):1228-1233. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.6.2321
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