Frequency and pattern of Paediatric Heart Diseases: Five years experience at The Children’s Hospital, Multan
Background & Objectives: Heart diseases in paediatric population are considered to be significant contributors to mortality and morbidity. Congenital heart disease (CHD) as well as acquired heart disease (AHD) are frequent causes of hospital admission among children. This study was aimed at finding out frequency and pattern of heart diseases in admitted patients at The Children’s Hospital, Multan.
Methods: This study is a retrospective chart review of five years at Paediatric Cardiology Department of The Children’s Hospital and The Institute of Child Health, Multan, Pakistan, from January 2015 to December 2019. Children aged one month to 15 years, admitted as a diagnosed case of heart disease on the basis of echocardiography were included.
Results: Out of a total of 4115 confirmed cases of heart disease admitted during the study period, 3250 (79.0%) were CHD while 865 (21.0%) were AHD. Overall, 2861 (69.5%) patients were aged less than one year. VSD followed by ASD were the commonest acyanotic heart lesion seen among 927 (28.5%) and 644 (19.8%) cases while TOF was the commonest cyanotic type heart lesion found in 396 (12.2%). Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) was the commonest type of AHD, seen in 330 (38.2%) cases followed by acute myocarditis found in 230 (26.6%) cases.
Conclusion: Burden of heart diseases is rising in our region. VSD, ASD and TOF were the most common types of CHDs while RHD and acute myocarditis were the most frequent types of AHDs.
How to cite this:
Arshad MS , Anwar-ul-Haq HM, Adnan M, Zulqarnain A. Frequency and pattern of Paediatric Heart Diseases: Five years experience at The Children’s Hospital, Multan. Pak J Med Sci. 2020;36(6):1308-1312. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.6.2312
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