Factors affecting spirometry reference range in growing children

Factors affecting spirometry

  • Sara Sadiq ziauddin university
  • Nadeem Ahmed Rizvi Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre Karachi, Pakistan
  • Fahad Khalid Soleja
  • Muaz Abbasi
Keywords: Pulmonary function test, Spirometry, Forced vital capacity, Regression analysis


Objectives: To find out the association of weight, height and age with spirometry variables and to generate a regression equation by taking weight as an independent variable beside age and height among children and adolescents of Karachi.

Methods: A modified form of ISSAC questionnaire was used. The spirometry variables recorded were Forced vital capacity (FVC), Forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1), FEV1/FVC, Peak expiratory flow rate (PEF), Forced expiratory flow between 25% and 75% expired volume (FEF25-75). A person’s correlation coefficient among boys and girls were calculated for all spirometry variable considering age, height and weight as independent variables. The linear regression models were calculated.

Results: The results reported a linear correlation of lung function variables with all three independent variables (i.e. p-value = 0.000), in which age and height manifested a strong positive correlation while weight reported a moderately significant correlation. All spirometry variables such as FVC, FEV1, PEF and FEF25-75 reported a significant coefficient of dependency and coefficient of correlation individually with age, height and weight.

Conclusion: It is concluded that beside age, height and weight both also have significant correlation with lung volumes so these should be taken into account when using spirometry as a diagnostic test.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.35.6.1212

How to cite this:
Sadiq S, Rizvi NA, Soleja FK, Abbasi M. Factors affecting spirometry reference range in growing children. Pak J Med Sci. 2019;35(6):1587-1591. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.35.6.1212

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

How to Cite
Sadiq, S., Rizvi, N., Soleja, F., & Abbasi, M. (2019). Factors affecting spirometry reference range in growing children. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 35(6). https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.35.6.1212
Original Articles