Screening, diagnosis and genetic study of breast cancer patients in Pakistan

Genetic study of breast cancer

  • Ayesha Isani Majeed
  • Asmat Ullah Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto Medical University Islamabad
  • Muniba Jadoon
  • Wasim Ahmad
  • Sheikh Riazuddin
Keywords: Breast Cancer, Sanger Sequencing, BRCA1 Variants


Objective: To determine the role of variants in BRCA1 gene in breast cancer development, women of Pakistani origin, diagnosed with breast cancer, were screened for variants in the BRCA1.

Methods: The present study involved screening of 5000 women for breast cancer. 302 women were diagnosed with breast cancer. Using Sanger sequencing, DNA extracted from peripheral blood of 100 patients was screened for disease causing variants in the BRCA1.

Results: Analysis of sequenced data revealed two frame shift (Gly312Trpfs*8, Ala322Glyfs*4), six missense (p.Glu362Lys, p.Lys651Arg, p.Asp693Asn, p.Pro871Leu, p.Glu1134Lys, p.Lys1183Arg), four synonymous (p.Thr327Thr, p.Ser694Ser, p.His771His, p.Gln1135Gln), and two intronic variants (g.75407T>C, g.75401_75401delT) in the patients.

Conclusion: The present investigation showed that variations in BRCA1 made substantial contribution in causing hereditary/early-onset breast cancer in Pakistani women.


How to cite this:
Majeed AI, Ullah A, Jadoon M, Ahmad W, Riazuddin S. Screening, diagnosis and genetic study of breast cancer patients in Pakistan. Pak J Med Sci. 2020;36(2):16-20. doi:

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

How to Cite
Majeed, A. I., Ullah, A., Jadoon, M., Ahmad, W., & Riazuddin, S. (2019). Screening, diagnosis and genetic study of breast cancer patients in Pakistan: Genetic study of breast cancer. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 36(2).