Frequency of Hypocalcaemia following Total Thyroidectomy

Hypocalcaemia following Total Thyroidectomy

  • Naseem Baloch Department of Surgery, Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre, Karachi,
  • Saima Taj
  • Mariyah Anwer Department of Surgery, Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre, Karachi,
  • Masooma Naseem MBBS Student, Ziauddin University, Karachi,
Keywords: Hypocalcaemia, Total thyroidectomy

Abstract

Background & Objective: Patients who undergo Total thyroidectomy are at higher risk for postoperative hypocalcaemia, which can lead to significant short and long term morbidity. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of postoperative hypocalcaemia undergoing Total thyroidectomy.

Methods: A total of 854 patients who underwent Total thyroidectomy and completion thyroidectomy between January 2003 to December 2016 at Endocrine Surgical unit, Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre, Karachi, were included in this retrospective study. Data were obtained for demographics, preoperative diagnosis, postoperative calcium levels, extent of surgery and final surgical pathology.

Results: A total of 854 patients underwent Total thyroidectomy. Of these 87.58% (n=748) were malignant and 12.41% (n=106) were benign. Among the malignant and benign patients, 47.3% (n=404) underwent Total thyroidectomy and 52.69% (n=450) underwent completion thyroidectomy. Overall incidence of transient hypocalcaemia was 7% (n=60) and that of permanent hypocalcaemia was 0.11% (n= 1).

Conclusion: Hypocalcaemia is one of major concern following total- thyroidectomy. Meticulous surgical techniques, identification and preservation of vascularity of parathyroid glands are essential in preventing postoperative hypocalcaemia following total thyroidectomy.

How to cite this:
Baloch N, Taj S, Anwer M, Naseem M. Frequency of Hypocalcaemia following Total Thyroidectomy. Pak J Med Sci. 2019;35(1):262-265.  doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.35.1.93

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Published
2019-01-24
Section
Original Articles