Kawasaki disease: Clinico-laboratory spectrum and outcome in a cohort of children treated at a tertiary care hospital in Islamabad, Pakistan

Kawasaki Disease

  • Seema Sakina
  • Syeda Sobya Owais Shifa International Hospital, Islamabad
  • Ejaz Ahmed Khan
  • Abdul Malik Sheikh
Keywords: Children, Coronary artery disease, Kawasaki disease

Abstract

Objective: To describe the demographics; clinical, laboratory, echocardiographic findings; treatment and outcome in a cohort of children with Kawasaki disease in a tertiary care hospital.

Methods: This is a descriptive, observational, retrospective cohort study conducted at Shifa International Hospital, Islamabad, from January 2013-June 2019. Children who met the criteria for Kawasaki disease according to the American Heart Association and American Academy of Pediatrics guidelines were included.

Results: A total of 25 children who met the criteria of Kawasaki disease were included. Their mean age was 43 months (4-150 months). Majority (76%) were males. Eighteen (72%) had complete Kawasaki disease and 7 (28%) had incomplete Kawasaki disease. Fever (> five days) was present in 20 (80%) patients. Eight patients (32%) had echocardiographic changes, out of which two patients (25%) had complete Kawasaki disease and six patients (75%) had incomplete Kawasaki disease. Intravenous immunoglobulin was given to all patients. Fifteen children (60%) received intravenous immunoglobulin within 10 days of fever. None required a second dose. All patients received high dose aspirin at diagnosis which was reduced to antiplatelet dose after resolution of fever for ≥48hrs. Eighteen patients (72%) came for regular follow up. Follow up at 6 months showed complete resolution of echocardiographic changes in six patients (75%), 1 (12.5%) was lost to follow up and one (12.5%) child had persistent coronary artery dilatation.

Conclusion: Complete KD was present in 72% of our cohort of children. Coronary artery abnormalities were present in one third of these children, at younger age and more common in those with incomplete KD but recovered in most.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.2.910

How to cite this:
Sakina S, Owais SS, Khan EA, Sheikh AM. Kawasaki disease: Clinico-laboratory spectrum & outcome in a cohort of children treated at a tertiary care hospital in Islamabad, Pakistan. Pak J Med Sci. 2020;36(2):260-264. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.2.910

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Published
2019-12-16
Section
Original Articles